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James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie facts for kids

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The Most Honourable

The Marquess of Dalhousie

Governor-General of India
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
The Earl of Derby
The Earl of Aberdeen
The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by The Viscount Hardinge
Succeeded by The Viscount Canning
President of the Board of Trade
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel
Preceded by William Ewart Gladstone
Succeeded by The Earl of Clarendon

James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie KT PC (22 April 1812 – 19 December 1860), styled Lord Ramsay until 1838 and known as The Earl of Dalhousie between 1838 and 1849, was a Scottish statesman, and a colonial administrator in British India. He served as Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856.

To his supporters he stands out as the far-sighted Governor-General who consolidated East India Company rule in India, laid the foundations of its later administration, and by his sound policy enabled his successors to stem the tide of rebellion. To his critics, he stands out as the destroyer of both the East India Company's financial and military position through reckless policies.

His critics also hold that he laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and led the final transformation of profitable commercial operations in India into a money-losing colonial administration. His period of rule in India directly preceded the transformation into the Victorian Raj period of Indian administration. He was denounced by many in Britain and India on the eve of his death as having failed to notice the signs of the brewing Indian Rebellion of 1857, having aggravated the crisis by his overbearing self-confidence

Governor-General of India

Dalhousie assumed charge of his dual duties as Governor-General of India and Governor of Bengal on January 12, 1848, and shortly afterwards he was honored with the green ribbon of the Order of the Thistle. He created the doctrine of lapse. He passed The Hindu Remarriage Act in 1856. He built the first railway line which was between Bombay and Thane.

Personal life

On 9 August 1859, Dalhousie's youngest daughter, Edith, was married at Dalhousie Castle to Sir James Fergusson, Bart. In the same castle Dalhousie died on 19 December 1860; he was buried in the old churchyard of Cockpen.

Dalhousie's family consisted of two daughters, and the marquessate became extinct at his death.

Established in 1854 by the British Empire in India as a summer retreat for its troops and bureaucrats, the hill station of Dalhousie was named after Lord Dalhousie who was Governor-General of India at that time.

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