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Jefferson, Maine
Location in Lincoln County and the state of Maine.
Location in Lincoln County and the state of Maine.
Country United States
State Maine
County Lincoln
Settled (Ballstown Plantation) 1770
Incorporated (Jefferson) February 24, 1807
Area
 • Total 58.58 sq mi (151.72 km2)
 • Land 52.57 sq mi (136.16 km2)
 • Water 6.01 sq mi (15.57 km2)
Elevation
279 ft (85 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,551
 • Density 18.7/sq mi (7.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04348
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-35695
GNIS feature ID 0582535

Jefferson is a town in Lincoln County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,551 at the 2020 census. Damariscotta Lake State Park, a popular Mid Coast swimming, canoeing and picnic area, is located within the town limits.

History

Jefferson is a town in Lincoln County, incorporated on February 24, 1807, when Thomas Jefferson was President, from Ballstown Plantation. During the 19th Century, it set off land to Alna and Newcastle, and annexed land from Patricktown, later incorporated as Somerville.

Abandoned granite quarries and clay banks where bricks were made suggest the early economic activities of the area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.58 square miles (151.72 km2), of which, 52.57 square miles (136.16 km2) of it is land and 6.01 square miles (15.57 km2) is water. Jefferson is located on the Great Bay of Damariscotta Lake. Damariscotta Lake State Park is a 17-acre (69,000 m2) State Park located in Jefferson.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,205
1820 1,577 30.9%
1830 2,074 31.5%
1840 2,214 6.8%
1850 2,225 0.5%
1860 2,121 −4.7%
1870 1,821 −14.1%
1880 1,590 −12.7%
1890 1,391 −12.5%
1900 1,155 −17.0%
1910 1,030 −10.8%
1920 914 −11.3%
1930 888 −2.8%
1940 938 5.6%
1950 1,215 29.5%
1960 1,048 −13.7%
1970 1,242 18.5%
1980 1,616 30.1%
1990 2,111 30.6%
2000 2,388 13.1%
2010 2,427 1.6%
2020 2,551 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,427 people, 1,010 households, and 703 families living in the town. The population density was 46.2 inhabitants per square mile (17.8/km2). There were 1,564 housing units at an average density of 29.8 per square mile (11.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.1% White, 0.3% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 1,010 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.4% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the town was 46 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 34% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

Education

Jefferson has one K–8 public school and one public library. The Jefferson Village School is part of the [1]. High school students are allowed to go to any of the surrounding local high schools.

Notable people

  • Beatrice Farnham, 20th-century artist and entrepreneur
  • Paul A. MacDonald, Secretary of State of Maine
  • Estelle M. H. Merrill (pen name, Jean Kincaid; 1858–1908), journalist, editor
  • Oakes Murphy, US congressman and fourteenth governor of Arizona Territory
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