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Joseph Manigault House
JM House.jpg
Joseph Manigault House
Location 350 Meeting St.,
Charleston, South Carolina
Built 1803
Architect Gabriel Manigault
Architectural style Early Republic
Part of Charleston Historic District (ID66000964)
NRHP reference No. 73001688
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 7, 1973
Designated NHL November 7, 1973
Designated NHLDCP October 9, 1960

The Joseph Manigault House is a historic house museum in Charleston, South Carolina that is owned and operated by the Charleston Museum. Built in 1803, it was designed by Gabriel Manigault to be the home of his brother, and is nationally significant as a well-executed and preserved example of Adam style architecture. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973.

Description and history

Joseph Manigault House, gatehouse
Joseph Manigault House, gatehouse

The Manigault House is located near the center of the Charleston peninsula, at the corner of Meeting and John Streets. It is a three-story brick structure, set on a raised brick foundation. The main facade has a two-story porch across the center three bays, with elaborate doorways on both floors featuring slender pilasters and sidelight windows. A semicircular stairwell projects from one sidewall, and a bowed porch from the other, giving the house the rough shape of a parallelogram. The interior features delicately refined woodwork in its fireplace mantels, door and window moulding, and cornices, reflective of the style promoted by Robert Adam, which differentiated the scale of these elements in domestic and civic architecture. The gatehouse standing near the property entrance is an architectural folly.

The house was built in 1803 for Joseph Manigault to a design by his brother Gabriel. Gabriel Manigault had studied architecture in London before the American Revolutionary War, and was familiar with Robert Adam's design principles. This was the first major work of his to exhibit these principles, and was also one of the first houses in Charleston that was not obviously based on the standard "single house" and double house" models then commonly used. The house also includes a number of construction elements designed to minimize problems with pests.

Manigault's executor sold the house in 1852 to George N. Reynolds, Jr., before it was passed onto John S. Riggs in 1864. In 1920, the house was threatened with demolition to make way for a gas station. In response, a group of Charlestonians organized a preservation group which would become the Preservation Society of Charleston.

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