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Junction City, Kentucky
Junction City
Junction City
Location of Junction City in Boyle County, Kentucky.
Location of Junction City in Boyle County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°35′7″N 84°47′19″W / 37.58528°N 84.78861°W / 37.58528; -84.78861Coordinates: 37°35′7″N 84°47′19″W / 37.58528°N 84.78861°W / 37.58528; -84.78861
Country United States
State Kentucky
Counties Boyle
Incorporated April 8, 1882
Named for the L&N and Cincinnati Southern railroads
 • Type Mayor-council government
 • Total 2.00 sq mi (5.18 km2)
 • Land 1.99 sq mi (5.17 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
991 ft (302 m)
 • Total 2,241
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,156.47/sq mi (446.45/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-41338
GNIS feature ID 0495551

Junction City is a home rule-class city in Boyle County on its border with Lincoln County in the U.S. state of Kentucky. Junction City's population was 2,241 at the 2010 U.S. census. It is part of the Danville Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Junction City began when the Louisville and Nashville Railroad reached the area. It was originally known as Goresburgh for the proprietors of the Gore Hotel. The Gore post office opened in 1880, was renamed Goresburgh in 1882, and then finally renamed Junction City when the Cincinnati Southern Railway had reached town later that year. The city was formally incorporated 8 April 1882 by the state assembly . The L&N station there was known as Danville Junction for its proximity to the larger city of Danville.

The southeastern part of Junction City was once the separate town of Shelby City, incorporated in 1867, and named for Kentucky's first governor Isaac Shelby, who lived and was buried nearby. This community's separate post office was known as South Danville when it was established 26 April 1866, renamed Shelby City the next year (the eastern portion of Junction City is still known as Shelby City), and closed in 1926. It was also known as Briartown and its L&N station was called Danville Station. The tomb of Kentucky's first governor Isaac Shelby is located barely over the Lincoln County Lincoln County, Kentucky line, just south of this part of town.


Junction City is located at 37°35′07″N 84°47′19″W / 37.58528°N 84.78861°W / 37.58528; -84.78861. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.8 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 174
1890 648 272.4%
1900 817 26.1%
1910 747 −8.6%
1920 722 −3.3%
1930 781 8.2%
1940 694 −11.1%
1950 988 42.4%
1960 1,047 6.0%
1970 1,046 −0.1%
1980 2,045 95.5%
1990 1,983 −3.0%
2000 2,184 10.1%
2010 2,241 2.6%
2019 (est.) 2,306 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,184 people, 876 households, and 617 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,088.3 per square mile (420.2/km2). There were 945 housing units at an average density of 470.9 per square mile (181.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.53% White, 1.05% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.73% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.85% of the population.

Caboose on display in Junction City

There were 876 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.93.

27.3% of the population was under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was US $29,569, and the median income for a family was $32,609. Males had a median income of $25,700 versus $21,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,258. About 14.5% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 20.4% of those age 65 or over.

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