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Kanawha, Iowa facts for kids

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Kanawha, Iowa
Location of Kanawha, Iowa
Location of Kanawha, Iowa
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Hancock
 • Total 1.98 sq mi (5.14 km2)
 • Land 1.98 sq mi (5.14 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,181 ft (360 m)
 • Total 658
 • Density 331.82/sq mi (128.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-40260
GNIS feature ID 0458021

Kanawha is a city in Hancock County, Iowa, United States. The population was 658 at the time of the 2020 census.


Kanawha was platted in 1899. The newly constructed railroad had arrived from Belmond, Iowa. Business' and some buildings moved from settlements three to four miles distant to establish in the new town on the railroad. Those settlements were Cuba, to the north, Magor, to the northwest, Mikesville, to the southwest, Aldrich, to the south (Drew, moved and renamed Bruce, was farther south), West Lake, to the east, and Bailey's Grove to the north east. Kanawha's founder, George Casper Call, petitioned Congressman J.P. Dolliver requesting a post office and proposing the name "Luzon". Luzon was rejected because it was thought to be too close to the name of an existing Iowa, Luzerne in Benton County. Faced with having to find another name, a railroad engineer and West Virginia native, suggested "Kanawha". The name met with approval.


Kanawha is located at 42°56′12″N 93°47′39″W / 42.93667°N 93.79417°W / 42.93667; -93.79417 (42.936773, -93.794305).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.01 square miles (5.21 km2), all of it land.


Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1910 398 —    
1920 659 +65.6%
1930 609 −7.6%
1940 767 +25.9%
1950 747 −2.6%
1960 735 −1.6%
1970 822 +11.8%
1980 756 −8.0%
1990 763 +0.9%
2000 739 −3.1%
2010 652 −11.8%
2020 658 +0.9%
Source: and Iowa Data Center
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 652 people, 291 households, and 167 families residing in the city. The population density was 324.4 inhabitants per square mile (125.3/km2). There were 348 housing units at an average density of 173.1 per square mile (66.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 0.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.2% of the population.

There were 291 households, of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 23.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 47 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 28.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.


Kindergarten through 12th grade students from Kanawha attend the West Hancock Community School District. The district formed on July 1, 1994 with the merger of the Britt and Kanawha districts.

Kanawha is also home to Kanawha Christian School which serves kindergarten through 8th grade students in a 35-mile radius.

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