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Kenan Evren
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Kenan Evren during the state visit to the United States in June 1988
7th President of Turkey
In office
12 September 1980 – 9 November 1989
Prime Minister Bülend Ulusu
Turgut Özal
Preceded by Fahri Korutürk
Succeeded by Turgut Özal
Chief of the General Staff of Turkey
In office
7 March 1978 – 1 July 1983
Preceded by Semih Sancar
Succeeded by Nurettin Ersin
Commander of the Turkish Army
In office
5 September 1977 – 6 March 1978
Preceded by Semih Sancar
Succeeded by Nurettin Ersin
Personal details
Born (1917-07-17)17 July 1917
Alaşehir, Ottoman Empire
Died 9 May 2015(2015-05-09) (aged 97)
Ankara, Turkey
Cause of death Gastrointestinal bleeding induced by bradycardia and proctocolectomy
Resting place Turkish State Cemetery
Nationality Turkish
Spouse(s) Sekine Evren
(m. 1944–1982; her death)
Children 3
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  Turkey
Branch/service  Turkey Army
Years of service 1938–1983
Rank General

Ahmet Kenan Evren (17 July 1917 – 9 May 2015) was a Turkish politician and military officer, who served as the seventh President of Turkey from 1980 to 1989. He assumed the post by leading the 1980 military coup.

On 18 June 2014, a Turkish court sentenced him to life imprisonment and demotion of his military rank down to private, from army general, for leading the military coup in 1980, obstructing democracy by deposing the prime minister Süleyman Demirel, abolishing the parliament and the senate and abolishing the constitution.

Prosecutors sought life sentences against them. The first court hearing of the case was scheduled for 4 April 2012. Both were sentenced to life imprisonment on 18 June 2014 by a court in Ankara. This sentence was on appeal at the time of his death.

Biography

Alasehir Kenan Evren monument
A monument to Kenan Evren in Alasehir, Turkey

Kenan Evren was born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province. Evren was of Albanian descent on his father's side that originated from Preševo, while his mother was from a Bulgarian Turkish background. After going to elementary school and middle school in Manisa, Balıkesir and Istanbul, he attended military high school in Maltepe, Ankara. In 1938, he graduated from army school and in 1949 from military academy as a staff officer.

From 1958 to 1959, he served in the Turkish Brigade in Korea. In 1964, he was promoted to general. Evren served at various posts as Army Chief. He was the commander of Operation Gladio's Turkish branch; the Counter-Guerrilla. The Counter-Guerrilla was an anti-communist "stay-behind" guerrilla force set up with the support of NATO. He became Chief of General Staff in March 1978.

Death

Evren died at a military hospital in Ankara on 9 May 2015, aged 97. On 12 May, he was buried in the Turkish State Cemetery in Ankara following the funeral service held at Ahmet Hamdi Akseki Mosque. The funeral was attended by his close relatives and military personnel. In protest, political parties sent no representatives to the former president's funeral. A number of people protested during the religious service in the mosque's courtyard.

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