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For place in New Jersey, see Lake Hiawatha, New Jersey.
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Lake Hiawatha
Lake Hiawatha in afternoon with sunflowers.jpg
Lake Hiawatha in July 2010
Location Minneapolis, Minnesota,
United States
Coordinates 44°55′15″N 093°14′11″W / 44.92083°N 93.23639°W / 44.92083; -93.23639Coordinates: 44°55′15″N 093°14′11″W / 44.92083°N 93.23639°W / 44.92083; -93.23639
Primary inflows Minnehaha Creek
Primary outflows Minnehaha Creek
Basin countries United States
Surface area 53.5 acres (217,000 m2)
Max. depth 33 ft (10 m)
Surface elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Frozen winter
Lake Hiawatha shoreline restoration sign
"Shoreline Habitat Restoration Project. This project establishes a 'buffer zone' between land and water using native plants. Buffer zones benefit aquatic systems in many ways: provide food, shelter, and nesting sites for fish and wildlife; control shoreline erosion; protect water quality by intercepting nutrients; stabilize lake bottom sediment. This project was partially funded by the Shoreline Habitat Program, Division of Fisheries, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources."
Lake Hiawatha Park lake and playground
Lake Hiawatha from the playground on its eastern shore.

Lake Hiawatha is located just north of Lake Nokomis in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It was purchased by the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board in 1922 for $550,000. At that time the lake was a marsh known as Rice Lake, but over four years, the park system transformed the wetland into a lake surrounded by a park.

Features

The lake and park have a fishing dock, wading pool, tennis courts, and softball diamonds. There is a recreation center that hosts activities. The lake borders a municipal golf course. In winter the golf course has groomed cross country ski trails and the park has ice and hockey rinks. A 0.68-mile (1.09 km) shared-use path runs alongside the east side of the lake from East 43rd Street to Minnehaha Parkway where it connects to the Grand Rounds trail system and destinations such as Lake Nokomis, Minnehaha Creek, and Minnehaha Falls. Lake Hiawatha is one of the few lakes through which Minnehaha Creek flows, and the last one before it reaches Minnehaha Falls and then the Mississippi River.

Advocacy

Friends of Lake Hiawatha is a community environmental action group that organizes volunteer efforts to clean the lake and park.

Fish

The lake contains black bullhead, black crappie, bluegill, bowfin, carp, golden shiner, green sunfish, hybrid sunfish, largemouth bass, northern pike, pumpkinseed, walleye, white sucker, yellow bullhead, and yellow perch. Some fish consumption guideline restrictions have been placed on the lake's bluegill and northern pike due to mercury and/or PCB contamination.

Water quality

Lake Hiawatha has much more garbage than any other Minneapolis lake. The lake is a stormwater outlet for the Corcoran, Central, Bryant, and Northrop neighborhoods, as well as the park's golf course. The Lake Hiawatha beach has been occasionally closed, such as in August 2014, because of unsafe levels of E. coli. Lake Hiawatha has been officially declared infested by zebra mussels since 2010, and in September 2013 park workers began finding mussels.

Golf Course

The Rice Lake marsh was dredged to a depth of 33 feet, and the dredged soil was placed on the west side, to form the rolling landscape where the golf course was built. The golf clubhouse was constructed in 1932, and the golf course was opened in July, 1934 (first 9 holes only, the full 18-hole course opened the next summer). It was quickly heavily used by Minneapolis residents. (For many years, it was the only one of the Minneapolis Park Board golf courses that operated at a profit.) The dredged soil tended to compact and sink, requiring repairs to the early course, and a 1939 work relief project added shore retaining walls to prevent erosion, since the dredged shoreline was especially susceptible to erosion from waves.

The course was frequently used by metro-area African-American golfers, who were not welcomed at other golf courses at that time. It was the home course for the Old Negro Golf League, and hosted the Upper Midwest Bronze Golf Tournament for over 25 years. Many black golfers remember visits to this course with their fathers, and learning on the driving range, and say the course has historical significance for black golfers. “This is the only course that allowed black people to play 60 years ago." said South High assistant golf coach Charles Rodgers.

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