Le Cateau-Cambrésis facts for kids

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Le Cateau-Cambrésis

Le cateau beffroi.JPG
Le Cateau-Cambrésis by Auguste Herbin
Coat of arms of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
Administration
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Nord
Arrondissement Cambrai
Canton Le Cateau-Cambrésis
Intercommunality Communauté de communes du Caudrésis - Catésis
Mayor Serge Siméon
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 84–157 m (276–515 ft)
(avg. 96 m or 315 ft*)
Land area1 27.24 km2 (10.52 sq mi)
Population2 7,033  (2015)
 - Density 258/km2 (670/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 59136/ 59360
Website lecateau.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

The term Cambrésis indicates that it lies in the county of that name which fell to the Prince-Bishop of Cambrai.

History

  • The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, ending the Italian Wars, was agreed there on 2–3 April 1559.
  • Until 1678, the city belonged to the Spanish Netherlands (now called Belgium). France conquered the city officially by the treaty of Nijmegen signed in 1678.
  • On 28 March 1794, allied forces under the prince of Coburg, defeated French forces at Le Cateau.
  • Le Cateau formed the right wing of the front of II Corps of the British Expeditionary Force at the Battle of Le Cateau on 26 August 1914, during its withdrawal from the Battle of Mons.

Heraldry

Arms of Cateau-Cambrésis
The arms of Cateau-Cambrésis are blazoned :
Azure, a 3-towered castle or.



Matisse Museum

The Musée Départemental Henri Matisse installed in the Palais Fénelon in the center of Le Cateau boasts the third largest collection of Matisse works in France.

Notable people

Births:

  • Henri Matisse, artist
  • Marshal Mortier
  • Pierre Nord
  • Raymond Poïvet, one of the creators of the French science fiction comics Les Pionniers de l'Espérance

Pierre Mauroy was a high school student in Le Cateau, and later its representative at the general council for the Nord department.

Gallery


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