List of political parties in Germany facts for kids

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This is a list of political parties in Germany.

Germany has a multi-party system. There are two large parties, three smaller parties, and a number of minor parties.

Major Parties

These parties currently have seats in the German parliament, the Bundestag, sorted by the number of seats:

Minor Parties

More than 0.1% of the vote at the last federal elections

  • National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands - NPD): 1.6%
  • The Republicans (Die Republikaner - REP): 0.6%
  • Family Party of Germany (Deutsche Familienpartei): 0.4%
  • Human Environment Animal Welfare (Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz): 0.2%
  • Party of Bible-abiding Christians (Partei Bibeltreuer Christen - PBC): 0.2%


  • Anarchist Pogo Party of Germany (Anarchistische Pogo-Partei Deutschlands - APPD)
  • Bavaria Party (Bayernpartei)
  • Communist Party of Germany (1990)
  • German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei - ZENTRUM)
  • German Communist Party (Deutsche Kommunistische Partei - DKP)
  • Christian Centre Party (Christliche Mitte - CM)
  • Citizens Make Politics (Bürger machen Politik)
  • Civil Rights Movement Solidarity (Bürgerrechtsbewegung Solidarität - BüSo)
  • Ecological Democratic Party (Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei - ÖDP)
  • Feminist Party of Germany (Feministische Partei - DIE FRAUEN)
  • Free Voters (Freie Wähler)
  • Marxist Leninist Party of Germany (Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands - MLPD)
  • Die PARTEI (Partei für Arbeit, Rechtsstaat, Tierschutz, Elitenförderung und basisdemokratische Initiative - Die PARTEI), party created by editors of the satirical magazine titanic
  • Party of Reason (Partei der Vernunft - pdv)
  • Piratenpartei Deutschland (PIRATEN)
  • Social Equality Party (Partei für Soziale Gleichheit - PSG)
  • South Schleswig Voter Federation (Südschleswigscher Wählerverband - SSW) - this is the party of the Danish and frisian minorities in Germany

Historical parties

Parties existing before World War II

  • Bavarian People's Party (BVP) - Bavarian Regionalist (1920-1933)
  • Centre Party - Christian Democrat/Conservative (1871-1947)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD) - Communist (1919-1956)
  • Communist Party Opposition (KPO)- Communist
  • Conservative People's Party (KVP)
  • Free Conservative Party (FKP)
  • General German Workers' Association (ADAV)
  • Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) - Socialist (1917-1922)
  • German Conservative Party (DKP) - Conservative (before 1918)
  • German Democratic Party (DDP) - Left-Liberal (1918-1930, became the German State Party, which lasted until 1933)
  • German National People's Party (DNVP) - Nationalist-Conservative (1918-1933)
  • German People's Party (DVP) - National-Liberal (1918-1933)
  • German Progress Party (DFP) - Left-Liberal (before 1918)
  • German Racialist Freedom Party (DVFP) - anti-semitic (early Weimar period)
  • German Workers' Party (DAP) - precursor to the Nazi Party (1919)
  • National Liberal Party - Right Liberal (before 1918)
  • National Socialist German Workers' Party - aka the Nazi Party (NSDAP) (1919-1945)
  • Progressive People's Party
  • Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD, still in existence)
  • Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP) (since 1875 Social Democratic Party of Germany)
  • Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAP) (since 1875 Social Democratic Party of Germany)
  • Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAP) (between 1931 and 1941/45 an Social Democratic Party left of the SPD)

Defunct parties in (former) West Germany

  • German Party (DP) - Conservative
  • German Empire Party (DRP) - Far right (1949-64)
  • German Right Party (DReP) - Far right (1946-51)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD) - Communist (1919-1956) banned
  • Sozialistische Reichspartei - Socialist Reich Party (SRP) - National Socialis (1949-52) banned
  • The Grays – Gray Panther (Die grauen Panther - GRAUE)
  • Communist Party of Germany (Red Dawn)
  • Law and Order Offensive Party (Partei rechtsstaatlicher Offensive - Offensive D)

Parties in (former) East Germany

As a socialist state

  • Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
  • Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD)
  • Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany (DBD)
  • National Democratic Party of Germany (NDPD)
  • Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED)

During transition

  • Alliance 90
  • Alliance for Germany
  • Association of Free Democrats
  • Democracy Now
  • Democratic Awakening
  • East German Green Party
  • Free Democratic Party
  • German Forum Party
  • German Social Union
  • Initiative for Peace and Human Rights
  • New Forum

List of political parties in Germany Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.