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List of rulers of Iceland facts for kids

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Kingdom of Iceland Coat of Arms
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iceland

This is a list of rulers of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944.

Possession of Norway (1262–1814)

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image
Haakon IV
  • the Old
(1204-04-01)1 April 1204 – 16 December 1263(1263-12-16) (aged 59) 1262 16 December 1263 Son of Haakon III Fairhair
Magnus VI
  • the Law-mender
(1238-05-01)1 May 1238 – 9 May 1280(1280-05-09) (aged 42) 16 December 1263 9 May 1280 Son of Haakon IV Fairhair Magnus VI of Norway
Eric II 1268 – 15 July 1299(1299-07-15) 9 May 1280 15 July 1299 Son of Magnus VI Fairhair Eric II of Norway
Haakon V 1270 – 8 May 1319(1319-05-08) 15 July 1299 8 May 1319 Son of Magnus VI Fairhair Haakon V of Norway
Magnus VII 1316 – 1 December 1374(1374-12-01) 1319 15 August 1343 Grandson of Haakon V Bjelbo Magnus VII of Norway
Haakon VI 1340 – 11 September 1380(1380-09-11) 15 August 1343 11 September 1380 Son of Magnus VII Bjelbo Haakon VI of Norway
Olaf IV 1370 – 23 August 1387(1387-08-23) 29 July 1380 23 August 1387 Son of Haakon VI Bjelbo Olaf IV of Norway
Margaret I c. 1353 – 28 October 1412(1412-10-28) 1388 28 October 1412 Mother of Olaf IV Estridsen Margaret I of Norway
Eric III c. 1381 – 3 May 1459(1459-05-03) 28 October 1412 1442 Son of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania Griffins Eric III of Norway
Christopher I (1416-02-26)26 February 1416 – 5 January 1448(1448-01-05) (aged 31) 1442 5 January 1448 Son of John, Count Palatine of Neumarkt Palatinate-Neumarkt Christopher I of Norway
Charles I (1409-10-05)5 October 1409 – 14 May 1470(1470-05-14) (aged 60) 20 November 1449 1450 Son of Knut Tordsson Bonde Bonde Charles I of Norway
Christian I 1426 – 21 May 1481(1481-05-21) 1450 21 May 1481 Son of Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg Oldenburg Christian I of Norway
John I (1455-02-02)2 February 1455 – 20 February 1513(1513-02-20) (aged 58) 1483 20 February 1513 Son of Christian I Oldenburg John I of Norway
Christian II (1481-07-01)1 July 1481 – 25 January 1559(1559-01-25) (aged 77) 22 July 1513 20 January 1523 Son of John I Oldenburg Christian II of Norway
Frederick I (1471-10-07)7 October 1471 – 10 April 1533(1533-04-10) (aged 61) 1523 10 April 1533 Son of Christian I Oldenburg Frederick I of Norway
Christian III (1503-08-12)12 August 1503 – 1 January 1559(1559-01-01) (aged 55) 1537 1 January 1559 Son of Frederick I Oldenburg Christian III of Norway
Frederick II (1534-07-01)1 July 1534 – 4 April 1588(1588-04-04) (aged 53) 1 January 1559 4 April 1588 Son of Christian III Oldenburg Frederick II of Norway
Christian IV (1577-04-12)12 April 1577 – 28 February 1648(1648-02-28) (aged 70) 4 April 1588 28 February 1648 Son of Frederick II Oldenburg Christian IV of Norway
Frederick III (1609-03-18)18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670(1670-02-09) (aged 60) 1 May 1648 9 February 1670 Son of Christian IV Oldenburg Frederick III of Norway
Christian V (1646-04-15)15 April 1646 – 25 August 1699(1699-08-25) (aged 53) 9 February 1670 25 August 1699 Son of Frederick III Oldenburg Christian V of Norway
Frederick IV (1671-10-11)11 October 1671 – 12 October 1730(1730-10-12) (aged 59) 25 August 1699 12 October 1730 Son of Christian V Oldenburg Frederick IV of Norway
Christian VI (1699-11-30)30 November 1699 – 6 August 1746(1746-08-06) (aged 46) 12 October 1730 6 August 1746 Son of Frederick IV Oldenburg Christian VI of Norway
Frederick V (1723-03-31)31 March 1723 – 14 January 1766(1766-01-14) (aged 42) 6 August 1746 14 January 1766 Son of Christian VI Oldenburg Frederick V of Norway
Christian VII (1749-01-29)29 January 1749 – 13 March 1808(1808-03-13) (aged 59) 14 January 1766 13 March 1808 Son of Frederick V Oldenburg Christian VII of Norway
Frederick VI (1768-01-28)28 January 1768 – 3 December 1839(1839-12-03) (aged 71) 13 March 1808 7 February 1814 Son of Christian VII Oldenburg Frederick VI of Norway

Possession of Denmark (1814–1918)

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image
Frederick VI (1768-01-28)28 January 1768 – 3 December 1839(1839-12-03) (aged 71) 7 February 1814 3 December 1839 Son of Christian VII Oldenburg Frederick VI of Denmark
Christian VIII (1786-09-18)18 September 1786 – 20 January 1848(1848-01-20) (aged 61) 3 December 1839 20 January 1848 Son of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and grandson of Frederick V Oldenburg Christian VIII of Denmark
Frederick VII (1808-10-06)6 October 1808 – 15 November 1863(1863-11-15) (aged 55) 20 January 1848 15 November 1863 Son of Christian VIII Oldenburg Frederick VII of Denmark
Christian IX (1818-04-08)8 April 1818 – 29 January 1906(1906-01-29) (aged 87) 15 November 1863 29 January 1906 Son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and great-grandson of Frederick V Glücksburg Christian IX of Denmark
Frederick VIII (1843-06-03)3 June 1843 – 14 May 1912(1912-05-14) (aged 68) 29 January 1906 14 May 1912 Son of Christian IX Glücksburg
Christian X (1870-09-26)26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947(1947-04-20) (aged 76) 14 May 1912 1 December 1918 Son of Frederick VIII Glücksburg Christian X of Denmark

Kingdom of Iceland (1918–1944)

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image
Christian X
(1870-09-26)26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947(1947-04-20) (aged 76) 1 December 1918 17 June 1944 Son of Frederick VIII Glücksburg Christian X of Denmark

Republic of Iceland (1944—present)

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