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Merom, Indiana
The former Union Christian College in Merom is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
The former Union Christian College in Merom is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Location of Merom in Sullivan County, Indiana.
Location of Merom in Sullivan County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Sullivan
Township Gill
Area
 • Total 0.35 sq mi (0.92 km2)
 • Land 0.35 sq mi (0.92 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
548 ft (167 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 208
 • Density 585.92/sq mi (225.91/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
47861
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-48474
GNIS feature ID 439023
Website http://meromindiana.org/

Merom is a town in Gill Township, Sullivan County, Indiana, United States. The population was 228 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. Nearby is Hoosier Energy's Merom Generating Station.

History

The town's name commemorates the Battle of the Waters of Merom. The Merom post office has been in operation since 1818.

Merom, Indiana
Photo from Small Town Indiana photo survey.

Geography

Merom is located at 39°3′25″N 87°34′0″W / 39.05694°N 87.56667°W / 39.05694; -87.56667 (39.056950, -87.566573).

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 234
1870 426 82.1%
1880 407 −4.5%
1890 412 1.2%
1900 478 16.0%
1910 521 9.0%
1920 503 −3.5%
1930 397 −21.1%
1940 499 25.7%
1950 374 −25.1%
1960 352 −5.9%
1970 305 −13.4%
1980 360 18.0%
1990 257 −28.6%
2000 294 14.4%
2010 228 −22.4%
2020 208 −8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 228 people, 99 households, and 59 families living in the town. The population density was 633.3 inhabitants per square mile (244.5/km2). There were 123 housing units at an average density of 341.7 per square mile (131.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 99 households, of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.4% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the town was 39.4 years. 30.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 16.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

Geology

The Bluff Park in Merom is the site of the type locality of the Merom Sandstone. The Merom Sandstone comprises approximately the upper 55 feet of the bluff's consolidated rock, and was deposited during the Pennsylvanian Period as part of the Mattoon Formation. The Merom Sandstone rests directly on top of the 2–3 feet thick Livingston Limestone (Bond Formation) at the Bluff Park. The irregular surface between the Livingston Limestone and the Merom Sandstone indicates the presence of a geological unconformity at the top of the Livingston Limestone.

Local attractions

Merom's two main attractions are the Bluff Park overlooking the Wabash River and the farm fields of Illinois and the Merom Conference Center, A retreat, conference center and summer camp of the Indiana-Kentucky Conference of the United Church of Christ. Nearby is Hoosier Energy's Merom Generating Station.


Education

Merom has a public library, a branch of the Sullivan County Public Library.

The grand opening of the Merom – Gill Township Carnegie Library was on Sep. 1, 1918. The two-story structure has beautiful oak woodwork and paintings by local artist Will Turman. The Merom Library became a part of the Sullivan County Public Library system on Dec. 28, 1967. Locals believe that Merom is the smallest town in the U.S. with a Carnegie-built library.

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