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Mont-Laurier
City
Du Lièvre River in Mont-Laurier
Du Lièvre River in Mont-Laurier
Coat of arms of Mont-Laurier
Coat of arms
Location within Antoine-Labelle RCM.
Location within Antoine-Labelle RCM.
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Laurentides
RCM Antoine-Labelle
Constituted January 8, 2003
Area
 • Total 632.50 km2 (244.21 sq mi)
 • Land 590.76 km2 (228.09 sq mi)
Elevation
244 m (801 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 13,779
 • Density 23.3/km2 (60/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 2.8%
 • Dwellings
6,744
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J9L
Area code(s) 819

Mont-Laurier is a town and incorporated municipality in northwest Quebec, Canada, located on the banks of the Rivière du Lièvre, a tributary of the Ottawa River. Known as the “Capital of the Haute-Laurentides”, the motto of the town is Laurus elationis praemium, which translates to “Lift the laurels of reward”. The demonym for its inhabitants is Lauriermontois.

In 2003, Mont-Laurier merged with the neighbouring towns Des Ruisseaux and Saint-Aimé-du-Lac-des-Îles, with the name Mont-Laurier being chosen for the combined municipality. Following a 2004 demerger referendum vote, Saint-Aimé-du-Lac-des-Îles left Mont-Laurier in 2006 to be reconstituted as an independent municipality. The deamalgamation did not affect Des Ruisseaux, which remains within Mont-Laurier.

According to the Canada 2006 Census, the population of Mont-Laurier is 13,405. Mont-Laurier is one of the largest municipalities in Quebec in terms of area. It is the seat of Antoine-Labelle Regional County Municipality and the judicial district of Labelle.

History

The territory was originally inhabited by Oueskarinis, a sub tribe of Algonquians. The white settlers came from Sainte-Adèle in 1866. Rapide-de-l'Orignal was founded at the current location of Mont-Laurier, on the Lievre River, in 1885, by Solime Alix. The name was changed in 1909 to honour Canadian Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier. In 1940, a road from Mont-Laurier to Abitibi was built. This facilitated the growth of the trucking industry.

Geography

In addition to Mont-Laurier, the municipality also consists of the following population centres: Lac-Gatineau, Saint-Jean-sur-le-Lac, and Val-Limoges.

Mont-Laurier is located on the banks of the Rivière du Lièvre, a tributary of the Ottawa River, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the river delta. Its location in the Laurentians places it at an altitude of 244 metres above mean sea level. It is surrounded by numerous lakes and mixed forests that support hunting, fishing and leisure, and the mainstay logging industry.

Mont-Laurier is located roughly at the halfway point of the major roadway from Montreal to Abitibi, Route 117, about 250 kilometres (160 mi) northwest of Montreal. Route 309 follows the Lievre and leads to Gatineau and Ottawa, 216 kilometres (134 mi) to the south.

Climate

Mont-Laurier has a humid continental climate. It is strongly influenced by its inland position, with significant differences between the warm summers and the very cold winters. Precipitiation is high year-round, causing significant snow cover in winter.

Demographics

Population trend:

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1991 12,311 —    
1996 13,146 +6.8%
2001 12,766 −2.9%
2006 13,405 +5.0%
2011 13,779 +2.8%
All population figures reflect the current municipal boundaries.
  • Population in 2001:
    • Des Ruisseaux: 5401
    • Mont-Laurier: 7365
  • Population in 1996:
    • Des Ruisseaux: 5139
    • Mont-Laurier: 8007
  • Population in 1991:
    • Des Ruisseaux: 4449
    • Mont-Laurier: 7862

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 6,186 (total dwellings: 6,744)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.2%
  • French as first language: 98.5%
  • English and French as first language: 0.1%
  • Other as first language: 1.2%
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