Muroidea facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Muroids
Temporal range: Middle Eocene - Recent
Microtus arvalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Superfamily: Muroidea
Illiger, 1811
Families

Platacanthomyidae
Spalacidae
Calomyscidae
Nesomyidae
Cricetidae
Muridae

Muroidea is a large superfamily of rodents. It includes hamsters, gerbils, true mice and rats, and many other relatives. They live on almost every continent except Antarctica. Some scientists have placed all members of this group into a single family, Muridae. Sometimes there are difficulties in knowing how the subfamilies are related to one another.

The muroids are classified in 6 families, 19 subfamilies, around 280 genera and at least 1300 species.

Taxonomy

  • Family Platacanthomyidae - incertae sedis - (spiny dormouse and pygmy dormice)
  • Family Spalacidae fossorial muroids
    • Subfamily Myospalacinae (zokors)
    • Subfamily Rhizomyinae (bamboo rats and root rats)
    • Subfamily Spalacinae (blind mole rats)
  • Clade Eumuroida - typical muroids

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Muroidea Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.