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Mycoplasma facts for kids

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Mycoplasma
M. haemofelis IP2011.jpg
Mycoplasma haemofelis
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Mycoplasmatales
Family:
Mycoplasmataceae
Genus:
Mycoplasma

Nowak 1929
Species

over 100 species

Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria. They do not have a cell wall around their cell membrane. They are gram-negative, and need sterols such as cholesterol for growth. Many common antibiotics such as penicillin that target cell walls do not affect mycoplasma. Mycoplasma are the smallest bacterial cells yet discovered. They are typically about 0.1  µm in diameter.

Many species are parasitic, pathogenic or saprophytic, and can survive without oxygen. In humans, M. genitalium causes urethritis, and M. pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia.


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