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Nashville, Indiana
Main and Van Buren streets in downtown Nashville.
Main and Van Buren streets in downtown Nashville.
Location of Nashville in Brown County, Indiana.
Location of Nashville in Brown County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Brown
Township Washington
Area
 • Total 1.61 sq mi (4.16 km2)
 • Land 1.60 sq mi (4.15 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
597.18 ft (182.02 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,256
 • Density 784.02/sq mi (302.72/km2)
Time zone UTC-5:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4:00 (EDT)
ZIP code
47448
Area code(s) 812 Exchange: 988
FIPS code 18-52038
GNIS feature ID 0439943
Website http://townofnashville.org/

Nashville is a town in Washington Township, Brown County, Indiana, United States. The population was 803 at the 2010 census. The town is the county seat of Brown County and is the county's only incorporated town. The town is best known as the center of the Brown County Art Colony and as a tourist destination.

History

Settlement of land in and around Nashville began with the acquisition of land from native populations under the 1809 Treaty of Fort Wayne. This was expanded with more acquisitions under the 1818 Treaty of St. Mary's. Founded in 1836 by county agent Banner C. Brummett, it was first named Jacksonburg. The population of the entire county was estimated to be 150 in 1830. The first Nashville courthouse was constructed in 1837 and a jail was added in the same year. By 1840, area population had grown to 2,364. The town was officially incorporated in 1872. By the turn of the century, heavy logging in the area had caused significant deforestation which resulted in dramatic erosion problems.

NashvilleIndiana1
Entrance to a shop in the Bartley House

In the early twentieth century, a number of artists settled in the area, most notably T. C. Steele, the American Impressionist painter. These artists were the basis for the Brown County Art Colony, which continues to this day as the Brown County Art Guild.

The Brown County Courthouse Historic District and F.P. Taggart Store are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Tourism

Today, Nashville boasts a tourist industry based upon the original works of resident artists and upon the area's natural beauty. Brown County State Park is nearby. Art, antique, and specialty shops, as well as galleries, restaurants, and entertainment venues, make up downtown Nashville, and many inns, rented cottages, and bed and breakfast establishments serve visitors.

NashvilleIndiana2
Van Buren St. in Nashville, Indiana showing some shops and the historic Nashville House

Geography

Nashville is located at 39°12′11″N 86°14′18″W / 39.20306°N 86.23833°W / 39.20306; -86.23833 (39.203025, -86.238236).

According to the 2010 census, Nashville has a total area of 1.01 square miles (2.62 km2), all land.

Nashville's rolling hills, ridges, and valleys are a story of the north fork of Salt Creek. The surrounding hills are made of sandstone, siltstone and shale. These sedimentary rocks were laid down in an ancient river delta named the Borden delta, similar to the current Mississippi River delta. Salt Creek (south), Greasy Creek (east), and Jackson Branch Creek (west) have cut down through the surrounding terrain to give Nashville its rolling hills. Lake Monroe, the largest lake in Indiana, was constructed by damming Salt Creek south of Bloomington.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Nashville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 270
1880 348 28.9%
1890 395 13.5%
1900 393 −0.5%
1910 354 −9.9%
1920 323 −8.8%
1930 369 14.2%
1940 493 33.6%
1950 526 6.7%
1960 489 −7.0%
1970 527 7.8%
1980 705 33.8%
1990 873 23.8%
2000 825 −5.5%
2010 803 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 803 people, 359 households, and 167 families living in the town. The population density was 795.0 inhabitants per square mile (307.0/km2). There were 412 housing units at an average density of 407.9 per square mile (157.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 359 households, of which 15.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 53.5% were non-families. 48.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 29% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the town was 59.7 years. 14.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 11.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 40% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 41.0% male and 59.0% female.

Trivia

Brown-County-Szmurlo
Ramp Creek Bridge
  • There are two covered bridges in the Nashville area. The Ramp Creek Bridge which is located south of town at the North Entrance of the state park, and the Bean Blossom Bridge which is 10 minutes north on Covered Bridge Road.
  • There are 26 restaurants in and around the town, only two of which are restaurant chains — McDonald's and Subway.
  • Brown County only has three intersections with traffic lights, all located in Nashville.
  • The town hosted Reptile Kingdom Serpentarium from 1978-1993. The Cornerstone Inn now stands on the site.
  • Nashville is a central location in Don Pendleton's 33rd Executioner novel "Monday's Mob."
  • Nashville was the original home of the John Dillinger Museum, which was relocated to Hammond after the original owner's death.
  • Nashville has been the host of the IHSAA Cross Country Semi-State since 2008. The two-loop course is located on the east side of town at Eagle Park.

Nearby points of interest



Education

The Town of Nashville is home to the central campus of the Brown County School District, the only school corporation in Brown County. The schools include Brown County Intermediate School which serves grades 5 and 6, Brown County Junior High serving grades 7 and 8, and Brown County High School which serves grades 9-12. The Brown County School Corporation Administration Office, affectionately referred to as the "White House" is located in Nashville as well. Nashville has a public library, a branch of the Brown County Public Library.

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