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Nervilia crociformis facts for kids

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Trembling nervilia
Nervilia crociformis (Zoll. & Moritzi) Seidenf. (7176997531) - cropped.jpg
Nervilia crociformis near Mahabaleshwar
Scientific classification
Genus:
Nervilia
Species:
crociformis
Synonyms
  • Bolborchis crociformis Zoll. & Moritzi
  • Pogonia crispata Blume
  • Coelogyne javanica Lindl.
  • Pogonia bollei Rchb.f.
  • Pogonia prainiana King & Pantl.
  • Nervilia crispata (Blume) Schltr. ex K.Schum. & Lauterb.
  • Nervilia fimbriata Schltr.
  • Nervilia bollei (Rchb.f.) Schltr.
  • Nervilia humilis Schltr.
  • Nervilia reniformis Schltr.
  • Nervilia francoisii H.Perrier
  • Nervilia monantha Blatt. & McCann
  • Nervilia bathiei Senghas
  • Nervilia erosa P.J.Cribb
  • Nervilia prainiana (King & Pantl.) Seidenf.

Nervilia crociformis, commonly known as the trembling nervilia or round shield orchid, is a small terrestrial orchid found in South and Southeast Asia and in New Guinea and northern Australia. It has a single short-lived green flower with a white labellum. A more or less circular leaf held horizontally above the ground emerges at the base of the flowering stem after flowering.

Nervelia crosiformis (1)
Leaves of Nervilia crociformis

Description

Nervilia crociformis is a terrestrial, perennial, deciduous, sympodial herb which grows in clonal colonies with only a few individuals producing flowers in any one year. A single green flower 25–30 mm (0.98–1.2 in) long and 30–35 mm (1.2–1.4 in) wide is borne on a flowering stem 40–80 mm (2–3 in) tall. The sepals are 16–19 mm (0.6–0.7 in) long and about 2 mm (0.08 in) wide while the petals are similar but slightly shorter. The labellum is white, 15–18 mm (0.6–0.7 in) long with a wide fringe and small, hairy calli. The flower only lasts for two or three days, following which a single leaf develops, including on those plants that did not flower. The leaf is dark green, more or less circular, 40–70 mm (2–3 in) in diameter with about ten radiating veins. Flowering occurs between November and December in Australia and from May to June in India.

Taxonomy and naming

Trembling nervilia was first formally described in 1846 by Heinrich Zollinger and Alexander Moritzi who gave it the name Bolborchis crociformis and published the description in the Moritzi's book Systematisches verzeichniss der von H. Zollinger. In 1978, Gunnar Seidenfaden changed the name to Nervilia crociformis.

Distribution and habitat

Nervilia crociformis occurs in Tropical Africa, Southern Africa, islands of the western Indian Ocean, Taiwan, the Indian subcontinent, Indochina, Malesia, New Guinea, Queensland, New Caledonia, Samoa and Vanuatu. It grows in moist deciduous forests and on the edges of rainforest.

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