Osroene facts for kids

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Kingdom of Osroene

ܡܠܟܘܬܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܐܘܪܗܝ
مملكة الرها
ἐπαρχία Ὀσροηνής
132 BC–AD 216
Map includes Osroene as a tributary kingdom of the Armenian Empire under Tigranes the Great
Map includes Osroene as a tributary kingdom of the Armenian Empire under Tigranes the Great
Status In a strong position during wars between Rome and Parthia from the 1st century BC to the 2nd century AD, it alternated alliances with the two. Abolished by the Roman Empire in 216
Capital Edessa
Common languages Syro-Aramaic (official)
Koine Greek
Nabataean Arabic
Government Monarchy
King  
Historical era Hellenistic Age
• Established
132 BC
• Disestablished
AD 216
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Seleucid Empire
Assyria (Roman province)
Diocese of the East
Mesopotamia (Roman province)

Osroene (also spelled Osrohene, Osrhoene, from the Greek Όσροηνῆ; Syriac: ܡܠܟܘܬܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܥܣܪܐ ܥܝܢܐ Malkuṯā d-Bēt ʿŌsrā ʿĪnē), also known by the name of its capital city, Edessa (modern Şanlıurfa, Turkey), was a historic kingdom located on the present-day border of Syria and Turkey. The kingdom was Assyrian and enjoyed semi-autonomy to complete independence from the years of 132 BCE to 244 AD. It was a Syriac speaking kingdom, and according to an ancient legend King Abgar V of Edessa was converted to Christianity by Thaddeus of Edessa, or Saint Addai, one of the Seventy-two Disciples. By 201 AD or earlier, under King Abgar the Great, Osroene became the first Christian state.

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