Perlis facts for kids
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State of Malaysia
|Anthem: Amin amin ya Rabaljalil|
|• Total||821 km2 (317 sq mi)|
|• Density||308.28/km2 (798.4/sq mi)|
|Human Development Index|
|• HDI (2010)||0.779 (high) (8th)|
01xxx to 02xxx
|Establishment of Kota Sena as capital of Kedah||1653|
|Vassal state of Siam governed by Raja Long Krok||1839|
|Kingdom formed when Syed Hussain appointed as King by Siam||20 April 1843|
|Accession into the Federation of Malaya||1 February 1948|
|Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya||31 August 1957|
Perlis, also known by its honorific title Perlis Indera Kayangan, is the smallest state in Malaysia. It lies at the northern part of the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and has the Satun and Songkhla Provinces of Thailand on its northern border. It is bordered by the state of Kedah to the south. It was called Palit (Thai: ปะลิส) by the Siamese when it was under their influence. Perlis had a population of 227,025 as of 2010.
The capital of Perlis is Kangar, and the royal capital is Arau. Another important town is Padang Besar, at the Malaysia–Thailand border and Kuala Perlis, the ferry town to Langkawi. The main port and ferry terminal is at the small village of Kuala Perlis, linking mostly to Langkawi Island. Another important lately developed area is Pauh Putra within subdistrict of Kurong Anai which houses the main campus of Malaysia University of Perlis and Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin. Perlis has a famous snake farm and research centre at Sungai Batu Pahat. Among the main tourist attractions are Perlis State Park and Gua Kelam.
Perlis currently has an island within its waters, Pulau Batu Layang near Perlis Power Plant, Kuala Sungai Bharu. Historically, Perlis owned another island, Pulau Brasmana just approximately 10 km from Kuala Perlis. The island's name is the origin name for Putra Brasmana Hotel. However, the island is now under Thailand administration and known as Ko Pratmana. The reason for this change is still unknown.
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Kangar, capital of Perlis
Perlis Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.