Perlis facts for kids

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Perlis
State of Malaysia
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawi ڤرليس‎
 • Chinese 玻璃市
 • Tamil பெர்லிஸ்
 • Thai ปะลิส
Flag of Perlis
Flag
Coat of arms of Perlis
Coat of arms
Anthem: Amin amin ya Rabaljalil

   Perlis in    Malaysia
Area
 • Total 821 km2 (317 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 253,100
 • Density 308.28/km2 (798.4/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Perlisian
Human Development Index
 • HDI (2010) 0.779 (high) (8th)
Postal code 01xxx to 02xxx
Calling code 04
Vehicle registration R
Establishment of Kota Sena as capital of Kedah 1653
Vassal state of Siam governed by Raja Long Krok 1839
Kingdom formed when Syed Hussain appointed as King by Siam 20 April 1843
Accession into the Federation of Malaya 1 February 1948
Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya 31 August 1957
Website www.perlis.gov.my www.perlisroyalty.gov.my
Perlis state locator
Perlis in Malaysia

Perlis, also known by its honorific title Perlis Indera Kayangan, is the smallest state in Malaysia. It lies at the northern part of the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and has the Satun and Songkhla Provinces of Thailand on its northern border. It is bordered by the state of Kedah to the south. It was called Palit (Thai: ปะลิส) by the Siamese when it was under their influence. Perlis had a population of 227,025 as of 2010.

The capital of Perlis is Kangar, and the royal capital is Arau. Another important town is Padang Besar, at the Malaysia–Thailand border and Kuala Perlis, the ferry town to Langkawi. The main port and ferry terminal is at the small village of Kuala Perlis, linking mostly to Langkawi Island. Another important lately developed area is Pauh Putra within subdistrict of Kurong Anai which houses the main campus of Malaysia University of Perlis and Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin. Perlis has a famous snake farm and research centre at Sungai Batu Pahat. Among the main tourist attractions are Perlis State Park and Gua Kelam.

Perlis currently has an island within its waters, Pulau Batu Layang near Perlis Power Plant, Kuala Sungai Bharu. Historically, Perlis owned another island, Pulau Brasmana just approximately 10 km from Kuala Perlis. The island's name is the origin name for Putra Brasmana Hotel. However, the island is now under Thailand administration and known as Ko Pratmana. The reason for this change is still unknown.

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