Piast dynasty facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Insigne Polonicum.svg Silesia.svg
Country: * Kingdom of Poland
  • Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia
  • Duchy of Mazovia
  • Duchy of Silesia
  • Duchies of Silesia
  • Duchy of Bohemia
Titles: * King of Poland
  • King of Rus
  • Duke of the Polans
  • Duke of Poland
  • Duke of Krakow
  • Duke of Kuyavia
  • Duke of Mazovia
  • Duke of Sandomierz
  • Duke of Greater Poland
  • Duke of Silesia
  • Duke of Sieradz-Łęczyca
  • Duke of Bohemia
Founder: semi-legendary Piast, son of legendary Chościsko
Final Ruler: Casimir the Great, in the Kingdom of Poland, and George IV William of Legnica, in the Silesian duchies
Founding Year: 960
Dissolution: 1370, in the Kingdom of Poland, and 1675, in the Duchies of Silesia
Cadet Branches: * Silesian Piasts, the agnatically senior and later last surviving branch of the dynasty
  • House of Griffins

The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Duke Mieszko I (c. 930–992). The Piasts' royal rule in Poland ended in 1370 with the death of king Casimir III the Great.

Branches of the Piast dynasty continued to rule in the Duchy of Masovia and in the Duchies of Silesia until the last male Silesian Piast died in 1675. The Piasts intermarried with several noble lines of Europe, and possessed numerous titles, some within the Holy Roman Empire.

List of Polish rulers from Piast dynasty

Name Reigned
Piast Kołodziej (legendary) 8th - 9th century
Siemowit/Ziemowit 9th - 10th century
Lestko/Leszek 9th - 10th century
Siemomysł/Ziemomysł 9th - 10th century
Mieszko I see Dagome Iudex, first ruler 960-992
Boleslaus I of Poland (the Brave) 992-1025
Mieszko II Lambert 1025-1034
Bezprym 1031
Casimir I the Restorer 1034-1058
Boleslaus II the Bold 1058-1079
Ladislaus Herman of Poland 1079-1102
Zbigniew and Boleslaus III of Poland (the Wrymouthed) 1102-1107
Boleslaus III of Poland the Wrymouthed 1107-1138
Ladislaus the Exile 1138-1146
Boleslaus the Curly 1146-1173
Mieszko the Old 1173-1177
Casimir the Just 1177-1194
Leszek the White and Ladislaus Spindleshanks 1194-1202
Ladislaus Spindleshanks 1202
Leszek the White 1202-1210
Mieszko IV Tanglefoot 1210-1211
Leszek the White 1211-1227
Ladislaus Spindleshanks 1228
Konrad of Masovia 1229-1232
Henry the Bearded 1232-1238
Henry the Pious 1238-1241
Konrad of Masovia 1241-1243
Boleslaus the Bashful 1243-1279
Leszek the Black 1279-1288
Henry IV Probus 1288-1290
Przemysl II 1290-1291
Ladislaus the Short 1306-1333
Casimir the Great 1333-1370

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Piast dynasty Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.