Plaza Ferdinand VII facts for kids
Plaza Ferdinand VII
The plaza, with the Chipley monument in the center
|Location||Pensacola, Florida, USA|
|Area||2 acres (0.81 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||66000264|
Quick facts for kidsSignificant dates
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||October 9, 1960|
The Plaza Ferdinand VII is an outdoor garden and park in the Historic Pensacola Village area of downtown Pensacola, Florida. It is located on Palafox Street between Government and Zaragoza Streets. It was named after Ferdinand VII of Spain, the King of Spain between 1813 and 1833. A National Historic Landmark, it is the site of the formal transfer of Florida to United States jurisdiction in 1821.
Plaza Ferdinand VII is bounded on the north by Government Street, the east by Jefferson Street, the south by Zarragossa Street, and the west by Palafox Street. About 2 acres (0.81 ha) in size, it is a grassy area, dotted with trees, and criss-crossed by paved walkways. It has three principal features: a fountain near the northern end, an obelisk at the center, and a memorial to Andrew Jackson near the southern end. The central obelisk is a memorial to railroad baron and mayor of Pensacola William Dudley Chipley.
The plaza forms part of a street plan laid out in 1765, when Pensacola was the capital of the British colony of West Florida. Originally the central park of that plan was somewhat larger, but significant portions were subdivided and sold off in 1802, when West Florida was again a Spanish colony.
Under the Adams–Onís Treaty, negotiated in 1819, Spain agreed to cede Florida to the United States. Spain did not formally ratify the treaty until 1821. In March of that year, Andrew Jackson was appointed its first territorial governor in March, and was given the task of overseeing the transfer of the territories of East and West Florida from Spanish authorities. A formal ceremony was held in St. Augustine on July 10, in which the chief United States representative was Jackson's deputy, Robert Butler. Jackson attended the ceremony held on this plaza on July 21, in which the Spanish flag was lowered and the American flag raised. He then made a speech to the townspeople, informing them that the land was now the Florida Territory, and that Pensacola would be its capital. The bust of Jackson now stands at the spot where he was formally inaugurated as territorial governor. The bust was donated in 1935 by the Pensacola Historic Preservation Society.
In 1989, the plaza was listed in A Guide to Florida's Historic Architecture, published by the University of Florida Press.
Archaeologists, in 2002, discovered evidence of British structures previously not known to have existed in that area.
New Year's celebration
Plaza Ferdinand is also the site of the Pelican Drop.
Notable buildings near the plaza
- Saenger Theatre
- Quayside Art Gallery, 17 E. Zarragossa, located in an 1873 firehouse
Federalist House, 11 E. Zaragoza Street.
Plaza Ferdinand VII Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.