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Porfirio Lobo Sosa
Pepe Lobo 2010-01-27.jpg
Lobo Sosa in 2010
54th President of Honduras
In office
27 January 2010 – 27 January 2014
Vice President
Preceded by Roberto Micheletti
Succeeded by Juan Orlando Hernández
President of the National Congress
In office
25 January 2002 – 25 January 2006
Preceded by Rafael Pineda Ponce
Succeeded by Roberto Micheletti
Deputy of the Olancho Department
In office
25 January 1990 – 25 January 2006
Personal details
Born (1947-01-22) 22 January 1947 (age 77)
Trujillo, Honduras
Political party National Party
Spouse Rosa Elena Bonilla
Alma mater

Porfirio Lobo Sosa (born 22 January 1947) also known by his nickname, Pepe Lobo, is a former Honduran politician and agricultural landowner who served as President of Honduras from 2010 to 2014. A member of the conservative National Party and a former deputy in the National Congress of Honduras from 1990, he was president of the National Congress of Honduras from 2002 to 2006. He came second to Manuel Zelaya with 46% of the vote in the 2005 general election. After the military ousted Zelaya in a coup d'état, Lobo was elected president in the 2009 presidential election and took office on 27 January 2010.

Early life and education

Lobo was born in Trujillo and grew up on the ranch of La Empalizada near Juticalpa, Olancho. His parents are Porfirio José Lobo López and Rosa Sosa Hernández de Lobo; both are deceased. His father served as deputy in the National Congress in 1957 and was a political leader in the department of Olancho. His brother Ramón Rosa Lobo Sosa is a deputy in the National Congress for the department of Colón.

After attending a Catholic school in Juticalpa, Lobo continued his studies at the San Francisco Institute of Tegucigalpa and then at the University of Miami Coral Gables, Florida in the United States. After obtaining his Bachelor of Business Administration from the University of Miami School of Business, Lobo returned to Honduras to work in the family's agricultural business and to teach political economy and English at the La Fraternidad Institute in Juticalpa for 11 years. He was granted a doctorate by Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow. He also obtained a black belt in taekwondo.

Political career

Lobo's political career started at the age of 19 as a political leader in Olancho. For 31 years, he presided over the national party's youth in Olancho, local committee of Juticalpa and the departmental committee of Olancho.

He was in charge of the Honduran corporation for forestry development, from 1990 to 1994. He was elected to the national congress in 1990, where he later served as president, from 2002 to 2006.

2005 general election

Lobo was the National Party of Honduras' candidate for 27 November 2005 presidential election; Mario Canahuati was his running mate. His campaign was based on job security, a tough stance on crime, and being in favour of reintroducing the death penalty. He came in second in the presidential election with 46.17% of the vote against 49.90% from his rival Manuel Zelaya of the Liberal Party of Honduras. He held the position of president of the National Party of Honduras.

2009 constitutional crisis and general election

In December 2008, he once again became the presidential candidate of the PNH and on 29 November 2009 he was elected President of Honduras with 56% of the vote against 38% for his rival Elvin Santos.

Following his victory, Lobo said his administration will "begin the great national dialogue". He also promised to encourage private investment to generate employment and to increase social benefits in a country where 70% of its 7 million citizens live in poverty.

Presidency (2010–2014)

Human Rights Watch argued that "at least eight journalists and ten members of the National Popular Resistance Front (FNRP)—a political group that opposed the 2009 removal from office of the then president and advocated the reinstatement of the ousted president, Manuel Zelaya — have been killed since Lobo assumed power on January 27, 2010". Human Rights Watch has also reported attacks on the independence of the judiciary and public prosecutors. The Obama administration, however, praised Lobo for his attempts at reconciliation, which include forming a truth commission to investigate events surrounding the removal from office as well as appointing a human rights adviser and political opponents to his government.

Honduras became the only country in the world to ban the morning-after pill in 2012.

The project of the American economist Paul Romer, which consists of building "private cities" on parts of the national territory where almost all the regulations would be given to investors and not to the Honduran state, is accepted by the government of Porfirio Lobo. The national constitution is amended to this effect in February 2011. In the event that a subsequent government wishes to revisit this project, a decree states: "The systems instituted in the REDs [special development regions] must be (...) approved by the National Congress with a qualified two-thirds majority", with the understanding that "this constitutional status may only be modified, interpreted or overturned by the same majority, after consultation by referendum of the population living in the RED". The management of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) was enthusiastic and promised to support it. Following a complaint of "treason to the homeland" to the Supreme Court of Justice by opponents of the project, the project was finally declared unconstitutional and rejected by the Court.

According to the Mexican agency Consulta Mitofsky, Porfirio Lobo's popularity in 2012 was only 14%, which made him the second most unpopular leader in Latin America at the time, after Costa Rican then-President Laura Chinchilla.

Corruption allegations

In July 2016, the National Anti-Corruption Council called for an investigation into the alleged misuse of public funds for the purchase of school materials by Rosa Elena de Lobo, wife of Porforio Lobo, and her private secretary. The former first lady is also facing charges of falsifying documents. She was incarcerated in February 2018 for diverting $4 million from the state to her personal account. This is the first time in Honduras that a high-ranking public figure has been placed in prison for corruption. Half a dozen properties of the presidential couple could be seized by judicial authorities.

On 2 October 2019, the trial in the United States of Juan Antonio Tony Hernández, former deputy and brother of Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernández, arrested at Miami airport in November 2018, begins. .....

His name appeared in 2021 in the Pandora Papers. He, his wife, and their son are mentioned as owners of companies registered in tax havens. Some of them were created while he was president of Honduras.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Porfirio Lobo para niños

  • Honduran Social Security Institute
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