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Pyramid of the Sun
Sun Pyramid 05 2015 Teotihuacan 3304.JPG
Front view of the Pyramid of the Sun
Location Mexico State
Region Mesoamerica
Type Pyramid, Temple
Part of Teotihuacan
Length 220 meters (720 feet)
Width 230 meters (760 feet)
Volume 1,184,828.3 cubic meters (41,841,817 cubic feet)
Height 65.5 meters (216 feet)
History
Founded 200 CE
Abandoned 750 CE
Periods Mesoamerican classic
Cultures Teotihuacan
Site notes
Condition Protect by UNESCO
Ownership Cultural heritage
Management World Heritage Committee
Public access Yes
Third largest ancient pyramid in the world, the second largest is the Pyramid of Giza and the largest is the Great Pyramid of Cholula which is 90 kilometers away
15-07-13 Teotihuacan la Avenida de los Muertos y la Pirámide del Sol-RalfR-WMA 0251
Avnue of the Dead, with the Pyramid of the Sun
PyramidOfTheSunTeotihuacan
Pyramid of the Sun

The Pyramid of the Sun is the largest pyramid in the ancient city of Teotihuacán. Teotihuacán is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the modern-day Mexico City. The Aztecs named the building Pyramid of the Sun, when they entered the abandoned city of Teotihuacán. The original name of the building is unknown.

Description

The pyramid has a base length of about 225 metres (738 ft), and its current height is 65 metres (213 ft). This makes it the second largest pyramid in pre-Columbian America, after the Great Pyramid of Cholula. Inside Teotihuacán, the pyramid is located between the Pyramid of the Moon and the Ciudadela, on what is called the Avenue of the Dead. It is near a mountain called Cerro Gordo. The pyramid is part of large complex, which is in the middle of the city.

Construction

Teotihuacán - Modell Sonnenpyramide
A model of the pyramid

The pyramid was constructed in two phases. After completion of the first phase, about 100 AD, the pyramid had reached almost its current height. The second phase consisted in adding an altar and a big statue at the top. Neither the altar nor the statue survive.

Originally, the pyramid was covered with plates made of calcite, which showed images of animals, such as jaguars, but these plates did not survive.

The pyramid probably served as a temple to one of the deities of Teotihuacán; but the name of the deity, and the nature of the cult are unknown today.

Graves of children have been found in the pyramid. It is believed that the children were sacrificed to consecrate the building. Coordinates: 19°41′33″N 98°50′38″W / 19.6925°N 98.8438°W / 19.6925; -98.8438


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