Reich President facts for kids
The Reich President was the successor of the German emperor. He had more power than the current Federal President (Bundespräsident).
The Reich President was elected for a seven-year term by the German people, and could be re-elected. He was the head of the army, appointed and relieved the Reich Chancellor (Reichskanzler), and could also send away the Reichstag.
The Reich President was supposed to exercise the legislative power with the Reichstag but due to the instable situation of the Weimar Republic, he was often bypassing the Reichstag by using special legislation. This was the case during the early years of the Reich Presidency and especially in the early 1930s. During the Hitler period the Reichstag was just show.
- Friedrich Ebert (1919-1925, SPD, died in office)
- Hans Luther (1925, no political party, acting)
- Walter Simons (1925, no political party, acting)
- Paul von Hindenburg (1925-1933, no political party, re-elected in 1932)
- Paul von Hindenburg (1933-1934, no political party, died in office)
- Adolf Hitler (1934-1945, NSDAP)
- Karl Dönitz (1945, NSDAP, imprisoned)
- Presidents and Assemblies, Chapter 4. Matthew Soberg Shugart, John M. Carey. Cambridge University Press. 1992.
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Reich President Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.