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Ville de Rouyn-Noranda
Fountain on Osisko Lake.
Fountain on Osisko Lake.
Official logo of Rouyn-Noranda
"Fierté, Solidarité, Savoir"
("Pride, Solidarity, Knowledge")
Location in province of Quebec.
Location in province of Quebec.
Location with surrounding municipalities.
Location with surrounding municipalities.
Rouyn-Noranda is located in Western Quebec
Location in Western Quebec
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Abitibi-Témiscamingue
RCM None
Founded 1926
Constituted January 1, 2002
 • City 6,441.40 km2 (2,487.04 sq mi)
 • Land 6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi)
 • Metro
6,438.47 km2 (2,485.91 sq mi)
 • City 43,182
 • Density 7.18/km2 (18.6/sq mi)
 • Change
Increase 2.0%
 • Dwellings
Time zone UTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J9X, J9Y
Area code(s) 819/873
Highways Route 101
Route 117 (TCH)
Route 391
Route 393

Rouyn-Noranda (2016 population 42,334) is a city on Osisko Lake in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada.

The city of Rouyn-Noranda is a coextensive with a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec of the same name. Their geographical code is 86.


City Hall.

The city of Rouyn (named for Jean-Baptiste Rouyn, a captain in the Royal-Roussillon regiment of Montcalm) appeared after copper was discovered in 1917. Noranda (a contraction of "North Canada") was created later around the Horne mine and foundry. Both were officially constituted as cities in 1926, then merged in 1986.

79.01740W 48 Rouyn Noranda
Rouyn Noranda seen from space.

Since 1966, Rouyn and Noranda constitute the capital of the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region. It is also the seat of public university UQAT since 1983.

The population tends to increase or decrease dramatically depending on the economic situation. The city's population dropped by 5 per cent between the 1996 and 2001 census, before increasing slightly by 0.8 per cent for the 2006 census. This more closely parallels the demographic patterns of Northern Ontario than those of Quebec during this period. Rouyn-Noranda also has other cultural affiliations with Northern Ontario, being the only municipality in Quebec that holds a membership in the Francophone Association of Municipalities of Ontario.

The Roman Catholic diocese of Rouyn-Noranda was established on February 9, 1974 by Pope Paul VI, with Mgr. Jean-Guy Hamelin as its first bishop. It is part of the Metropolitan Province of Gatineau. Mgr. Dorylas Moreau was appointed as bishop on November 30, 2001, replacing Mgr. Hamelin. On September 15, 2003, a decree moved the cathedral from Saint-Michel-Archange church to Saint-Joseph church.


Octo05 007
The Horne foundry seen from Sacré-Coeur.

As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, on January 1, 2002 the municipalities (including unorganized territories) of the former Rouyn-Noranda Regional County Municipality amalgamated into the new City of Rouyn-Noranda. These were: Arntfield, Bellecombe, Beaudry, Cadillac, Cléricy, Cloutier, D'Alembert, Destor, Évain, Lac-Montanier, Lac-Surimau, McWatters, Mont-Brun, Montbeillard, Rapides-des-Cèdres, Rollet, and the former Rouyn-Noranda.



Canada census – Rouyn-Noranda community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 42,334 (+3.2% from 2011) 41,012 (+2.7% from 2006) 39,924 (+0.8% from 2001)
Land area: 6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi) 6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi) 5,991.06 km2 (2,313.16 sq mi)
Population density: 7.0/km2 (18/sq mi) 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi) 6.7/km2 (17/sq mi)
Median age: 41.9 (M: 40.8, F: 43.2) 41.6 (M: 40.7, F: 42.5) 40.7 (M: 40.2, F: 41.2)
Total private dwellings: 18,851 19,224 18,921
Median household income: $62,994 $54,132 $44,223
References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier
Historical Census Data - Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
Year Pop. ±%
1991 28,958 —    
1996 28,819 −0.5%
(2000) 30,936 +7.3%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 28,270 −8.6%
(2002) 39,621 +40.2%
2006 39,924 +0.8%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 41,012 +2.7%
2016 42,334 +3.2%


The city has around 96% French speakers.

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
Census Total
French & English
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
40,355 Increase 4.1% 95.89% 810 Decrease 3.1% 1.92% 290 Increase 18.4% 0.69% 535 Increase 21.5% 1.27%
38,700 Increase 1.9% 96.27% 835 Increase 15.2% 2.08% 245 Steady 0.0% 0.61% 420 Decrease 11.6% 1.04%
37,990 Increase 41.8% 96.34% 725 Decrease 2.0% 1.84% 245 Increase 40.0% 0.62% 475 Increase 111.1% 1.20%
26,790 Decrease 0.1% 95.92% 740 Decrease 28.2% 2.65% 175 Decrease 39.7% 0.63% 225 Decrease 33.8% 0.80%
26,830 n/a 94.17% 1,030 n/a 3.62% 290 n/a 1.02% 340 n/a 1.19%


Downtown Rouyn-Noranda.
A street corner in Downtown Rouyn-Noranda.
Synagogue de Rouyn-Noranda 2
Rouyn-Noranda Synagogue.

Since 1982, the city has been host to the International Cinema Festival of Abitibi-Témiscamingue and since 2003, the host of the Emerging Music Festival in Abitibi-Témiscamingue.

Notable cultural figures from Rouyn-Noranda include singer-songwriter Richard Desjardins, actors Paule Baillargeon, Anne Dorval and Bruce Greenwood, and science fiction writer Éric Gauthier.

Rouyn-Noranda is known as "La Capitale Nationale du Cuivre" (or the National Copper Capital) for its extensive copper deposits and mining/smelting activities.


The city is served by the Rouyn-Noranda Airport and has a small public transit system of four bus routes serving the urban area.

The primary highways through the city are the north–south Route 101 and the east–west Route 117, which is part of the Trans-Canada Highway system.


The unemployment rate of the region was 6.6% in 2016.

Propair has its headquarters on the property of Rouyn-Noranda Airport.

Glencore Copper Canada currently operates the Horne smelter. The smelter is the world's largest processor of electronic scrap containing copper and precious metals. It opened in 1927 at the site of the Horne copper mine. The mine was closed in 1976, but the smelter remained in production.

Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue is based in Rouyn-Noranda, with campuses elsewhere.


The Rouyn-Noranda Huskies have played in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League since the Saint-Hyacinthe Laser relocated to the town in 1996. Rouyn-Noranda has produced a large number of NHLers for its size including former NHL stars Pierre Turgeon, Stephane Matteau, Sylvain Turgeon, Dale Tallon, Pit Martin, Jacques Laperrière, Jacques Cloutier, Dave Keon and Kent Douglas, the last two both members of the 1967 Stanley Cup Champion Toronto Maple Leafs. Former NHL players Réjean Houle, Éric Desjardins and the Bordeleau Brothers (Christian, Jean Paul and Paulin) also hail from the city. Rouyn-Noranda native Marc-André Cliche played in his first NHL game in 2010. Their most fierce rivals are the Val-d'Or Foreurs, which constitute the "Battle of the 117" since both cities are connected by Route 117.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Rouyn-Noranda para niños

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