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San Luis Río Colorado
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Official seal of San Luis Río Colorado
Seal
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Coordinates: 32°28′36″N 114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250Coordinates: 32°28′36″N 114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Sonora
Foundation 1907
Government
 • Type Ayuntamiento
Elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 176,685
 • Demonym
San Luisino
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (No DST observed)
Area code(s) 653
Website http://www.sanluis.sonora.gob.mx

San Luis Río Colorado is a city and also the name of its surrounding municipality in the state of Sonora, Mexico. In the 2020 census, the city had a population of 176,685. The city is the fourth-largest community in the state, and the municipality is also the fourth-largest in terms of population. Lying in the northwestern corner of Sonora, the city marks the state border with Baja California. It also stands on the international border with the United States, adjacent to San Luis, Arizona. It is located about 75 km from Mexicali. The municipality covers an area of 8,412.75 km² (3,248.2 sq mi) in the Sonoran Desert.

Location

It is located at 32°28′36″N 114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250, on the Colorado River, which at this point marks the state border with Baja California. It also stands on the international border with the United States, adjacent to San Luis, Arizona. In the 2010 census, the city had a population of 159,089 and its municipality had a population of 178,380. The city is the fourth-largest community in the state, and the municipality is also the fourth-largest. The municipality covers an area of 8,412.75 km² (3,248.2 sq mi) in the Sonoran Desert. It is located about 75 km from Mexicali.

History

Awarded city status in July 1958, San Luis Rio Colorado serves as the administrative center for the surrounding municipality of the same name. The city is located on a mesa, characterized by a flat and sandy terrain. On Easter Sunday 2010, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the region. The Sears department store and 5 schools were destroyed, affecting approximately 30,000 people in the region. San Luis Rio Colorado was once an important inland port for steamers traveling the Colorado from the Gulf of California. Since the early 1900s the Colorado has been completely or nearly completely drained for irrigation. The once-formidable Colorado is usually dry or a small stream.

San Luis Rio Colorado is home to four regional medium-wave radio broadcast stations, among them 1350 XELBL-AM, all of which are popular long-distance reception targets for medium wave DX radio enthusiasts.

Josse, a Mexican Latin beat singer recorded a song call "San Luis Rio Colorado" at memorial for the river.

Festivities

Fiestas del Desierto celebrates the culture, biodiversity, cuisine and sports of the Sonoran Desert Region. Dates for 2012 are 9–11 November. San Luis Rio Colorado has an intra-city economic exchange booth in the Annual Riverside County Fair and National Date Festival in Indio, California, USA.

Climate

San Luis Río Colorado has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with hot summers and mild winters; it is one of the hottest and driest cities in Mexico. The record high temperature is 52.0 °C (125.6 °F), recorded on 25 June 1951. The record low temperature is −6.5 °C (20.3 °F), recorded on 2 January 1950.

Climate data for San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora (1951–2010, extremes (1950–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
48.0
(118.4)
52.0
(125.6)
51.0
(123.8)
49.5
(121.1)
48.5
(119.3)
48.8
(119.8)
39.6
(103.3)
30.0
(86)
52.0
(125.6)
Average high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
30.4
(86.7)
35.3
(95.5)
40.1
(104.2)
42.3
(108.1)
41.3
(106.3)
39.0
(102.2)
32.7
(90.9)
25.4
(77.7)
20.3
(68.5)
31.4
(88.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
15.2
(59.4)
17.8
(64)
21.2
(70.2)
25.6
(78.1)
30.3
(86.5)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
30.6
(87.1)
23.9
(75)
17.2
(63)
13.1
(55.6)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.0
(44.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.0
(60.8)
20.5
(68.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
22.2
(72)
15.1
(59.2)
9.0
(48.2)
5.8
(42.4)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F) -6.5
(20.3)
-3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41)
7.5
(45.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.5
(56.3)
11.0
(51.8)
2.3
(36.1)
-1.0
(30.2)
-4.0
(24.8)
-6.5
(20.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 8.4
(0.331)
4.4
(0.173)
2.7
(0.106)
1.3
(0.051)
0.2
(0.008)
0.3
(0.012)
4.1
(0.161)
7.3
(0.287)
6.8
(0.268)
3.1
(0.122)
2.8
(0.11)
7.0
(0.276)
48.4
(1.906)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.9 6.4
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico's Meteorogical Service)

Transportation

San Luis Río Colorado Airport is the general aviation airport serving this city. The nearest International airport to San Luis Rio Colorado is General Rodolfo Sánchez Taboada International Airport near Mexicali. San Luis Rio Colorado has highway connections to other parts of Mexico and the United States. Several intercity bus companies (including TUFESA) stop at the San Luis Río Colorado bus station.

Economy

Maquila factories in San Luis Río Colorado include TSE Brakes, Daewoo Electronics, Bose, Flextronics, Yazaki, SANA International, and Gaming Partners International.

Notable people

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