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San Luis, Arizona
City
Official seal of San Luis, Arizona
Seal
Location of San Luis, Arizona
Location of San Luis, Arizona
Country United States
State Arizona
County Yuma
Founded 1930
Incorporated 1979
Area
 • Total 26.5 sq mi (68.5 km2)
 • Land 26.4 sq mi (68.4 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.1 km2)  0.11%
Elevation 130 ft (40 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 25,505
 • Estimate (2014) 31,091
 • Density 186.8/sq mi (316.0/km2)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85349
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-63470
GNIS 43142

San Luis (the Spanish language name of Saint Louis) is a city in Yuma County, Arizona, United States. The population was 25,505 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Yuma Metropolitan Statistical Area. San Luis, located in the southwest corner of the state directly adjacent to Mexico's Federal Highway 2, was the second fastest-growing city or town in Arizona from 1990 to 2000. According to 2014 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 31,091.

History

The city was established in 1930 with the opening of a border-crossing station. In the last twenty years it has registered an accelerated population increase, going from 1,946 inhabitants in 1980, to approximately 20,000 in the year 2005. The city annexed over 16,000 acres (65 km2) of land between 2006 and 2012, thereby increasing the availability of land for residential, commercial and industrial growth in the eastern part of town where the new commercial port of entry will be constructed.

Geography

San Luis is located at 32°29′46″N 114°46′6″W / 32.49611°N 114.76833°W / 32.49611; -114.76833 (32.496116, -114.768327). It stands on the U.S.-Mexico border, opposite San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora. The lowest point in Arizona is located on the Colorado River in San Luis, where it flows out of Arizona and into Sonora.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.5 square miles (68.63 km2), of which 26.4 square miles (68.38 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.11%) is water.

The Gulf of Santa Clara is located 70 miles (110 km) south of San Luis and sits on the northernmost point of the Gulf of California, at its confluence with the Colorado River. Large holiday crowds converge here to ride all-terrain vehicles on 30 miles (50 km) of undeveloped beach.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 189
1980 1,946 929.6%
1990 4,212 116.4%
2000 15,322 263.8%
2010 25,505 66.5%
Est. 2015 31,520 23.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
2014 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,322 people, 3,018 households and 2,876 families residing in the city. The population density was 579.5 people per square mile (223.7/km²). There were 3,325 housing units at an average density of 125.8 per square mile (48.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.8% White, 3.0% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 2.3% from two or more races. 89.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,018 households out of which 71.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.1% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 4.7% were non-families. 3.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.31 and the average family size was 4.38.

In the city, the population was spread out with 35.6% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 13.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 126.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 144.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,966 and the median income for a family was $22,368. Males had a median income of $20,770 versus $14,149 for females. The per capita income for the city was $5,377. About 36.3% of families and 35.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.5% of those under age 18 and 44.3% of those age 65 or over.

Prison

The Arizona State Prison Complex - Yuma is located on the corner of Avenue B and Juan Sanchez Boulevard, in San Luis. ASPC-Yuma provides housing to an average population of 2,279 convicted male felons. ASPC-Yuma is also a major employer in Yuma County, employing 755 full-time employees. Moreover, it is a provider of inmate work crews utilized by members of local, state and community organizations. Among other duties, ASPC-Yuma has a Wildland Fire Crew that consists of one sergeant, two correctional officers and twenty inmates that assists in fighting fires throughout Arizona.

San Luis Detention Facility was opened in 2007. The facility is owned by the San Luis Detention Facility Development Corporation, a subsidiary of the city, and is operated by CEC/Civigenics. The facility is located on the eastern edge of the city near the Arizona State Prison Complex. It has 464 beds to hold detainees, primarily for violations of immigration laws, from federal authorities. Approximately 80 full-time employees are employed by the facility.

Climate

Climate data for San Luis, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 86
(30)
93
(33.9)
98
(36.7)
101
(38.3)
105
(40.6)
116
(46.7)
121
(49.4)
124
(51.1)
119
(48.3)
104
(40)
93
(33.9)
90
(32.2)
124
(51.1)
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
74
(23.3)
79
(26.1)
83
(28.3)
86
(30)
96
(35.6)
102
(38.9)
108
(42.2)
95
(35)
82
(27.8)
74
(23.3)
70
(21.1)
84
(28.9)
Average low °F (°C) 48
(8.9)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
69
(20.6)
73
(22.8)
76
(24.4)
80
(26.7)
84
(28.9)
72
(22.2)
67
(19.4)
60
(15.6)
54
(12.2)
59
(15)
Record low °F (°C) 10
(-12.2)
12
(-11.1)
34
(1.1)
47
(8.3)
61
(16.1)
64
(17.8)
65
(18.3)
57
(13.9)
50
(10)
28
(-2.2)
21
(-6.1)
12
(-11.1)
10
(-12.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.71
(43.4)
0.65
(16.5)
0.51
(13)
0.74
(18.8)
0.32
(8.1)
0.4
(10)
0.2
(5)
0.6
(15)
2.8
(71)
2.2
(56)
1.1
(28)
1.6
(41)
12.83
(325.9)
Source: weather.com

Transportation

San Luis is served by Yuma County Area Transit, which connects with Greyhound in Yuma.

U.S. Route 95 connects the city to Yuma, as does Arizona State Route 195. The San Luis Port of Entry and the San Luis II Port of Entry for trucks and commercial vehicles connect the town to San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora, Mexico.

Also several taxi companies operate within the city boundaries. Taxis are operated by individuals under company concession and under authority of the police department.

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