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Scalp facts for kids

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Layers of the scalp and meninges.png
Illustration depicting the layers of the scalp and meninges
Double cowlick.jpg
Latin scalpus
Artery supratrochlear, supraorbital, superficial temporal, occipital
Vein superficial temporal, posterior auricular, occipital
Nerve supratrochlear, supraorbital, greater occipital, lesser occipital
Lymph occipital, mastoid
Diagrammatic section of scalp.

The scalp is the anatomical area between the face and the neck.


It is usually described as having five layers, which can be remembered with the mnemonic "SCALP":

  • S: The skin on the head from which head hair grows. It is richly supplied with blood vessels.
  • C: Connective tissue. a thin layer of fat and fibrous tissue lies beneath the skin
  • A: The aponeurosis (or galea aponeurotica) is the next layer. It is a tough layer of dense fibrous tissue
  • L: The loose areolar connective tissue layer provides an easy plane of separation between the upper three layers and the pericranium. In scalping the scalp is torn off through this layer.
  • P: The pericranium is the periosteum of the skull bones and provides nutrition to the bone and the capacity for repair. It may be lifted from the bone to allow removal of bone windows (craniotomy).

See also

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Scalp Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.