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Scorpion Reef
Native name:
Arrecife Alacranes
Alacran ESC large ISS006 ISS006-E-52094.jpg
ISS image of Scorpion Reef
Geography
Location Gulf of Mexico
Progreso Municipality
Yucatán, Mexico
Archipelago Campeche Bank
Total islands 5
Major islands Isla Pérez
Administration
Official name: Parque Nacional Arrecife Alacranes
Designated: 2 February 2008
Reference #: 1820

Scorpion Reef (Spanish: Arrecife Alacranes) is a reef surrounding a small group of islands in the Gulf of Mexico off the northern coast of the state of Yucatán, Mexico. Designated a national park, the reef is part of the Campeche Bank archipelago and is the largest reef in the southern Gulf of Mexico. It contains five main vegetated islands: Isla Pérez, Isla Desertora, Isla Pájaros, Isla Chica, and Isla Desterrada. Isla Pérez is the only inhabited island and includes a lighthouse. The reef, including its islets and surrounding waters, has been recognised as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports a population of magnificent frigatebirds.

History

The British postal steamer Tweed shipwrecked in Arrecife Alacranes in 1847, with the loss of 72 lives and a cargo of mercury during a journey from Havana to Veracruz.

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