: Mark Antony (left) and Octavian (right) portrayed on 41 BC Roman aureus
issued to honor the Second Triumvirate.Bottom
: Lepidus (left) and Octavian (right) portrayed on denarii
. Both coins are inscribed "III VIR R P C", abbreviating "tresviri rei publicae constituendae" (One of Three Men for the Regulation of the Republic).
The Second Triumvirate was an alliance between Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus. It was formed to punish the conspirators who assassinated Julius Caesar.
The Triumvirate lasted from 43 BC to 33 BC. It ended the effort by Marcus Tullius Cicero to reinstate the Senate as the sovereign body of the Republic. From then on Rome was ruled by an Emperor.
Images for kids
A Sextus Pompey denarius, minted for his victory over Octavian's fleet. On the obverse is the Pharus of Messina, on the reverse the monster Scylla.
Anthony and Cleopatra, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema.