The gates of Haozdar, in Sistan
Sīstān (Persian: سیستان) is a border region in eastern Iran (Sistan and Baluchestan Province) and southern Afghanistan (Nimroz, Kandahar and Zabul provinces).
Sistan was once the homeland of Sakas, a Scythian tribe of Iranic origin. The Saffarids, one of the early Iranian dynasties of the Islamic era, were first from Sistan.
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Map of Sakastan in c. 100 BC.
Map of Sakastan under the Sasanians.
Map of the Safavid dynasty in ca. 1720, with Sistan as one of its major provinces.