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St. John's Catholic Church (Delphos, Ohio) facts for kids

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St. John Catholic Church
St. John's Catholic Church in Delphos, southern side and front.jpg
Southern side and front of the church
Location 110 N. Franklin St., Delphos, Ohio
Area 2.5 acres (1.0 ha)
Built 1880
Architect S.W. Lane
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
NRHP reference No. 80002933
Added to NRHP January 3, 1980

St. John's Catholic Church is a historic Roman Catholic church on the Allen County side of Delphos, Ohio, United States. Designed by S.W. Lane, it has been recognized as a historic site because of its architecture.

Parish history

St. John's Parish was established in 1842 by German Catholic settlers who had immigrated from Osnabrück. Although the church was afflicted by a cholera epidemic in 1854, it grew to the point that it was split into two parishes, with the members in Landeck being erected into a separate parish. Land was donated for the construction of the present church building by Frederick Bredeick; construction began in 1879 and concluded in the following year. As the village of Delphos grew with the Miami and Erie Canal, the parish's prosperity likewise increased; like St. Michael's Catholic Church in Shelby County to the south, the church's architecture demonstrates the wealth that came from the commerce along the canal.

Architecture

Interior

Leading features of the church's interior include a prominent rib vault, two rows of columns in the nave that are topped with Corinthian capitals, and an altar built to resemble that of Rome's Basilica di San Clemente.

Saint John the Evangelist (Delphos, Ohio), nave, decorated for Lent, view from the organ loft
Church interior with Lenten decoration

Architectural experts have deemed the interior unmatched in western Ohio.

Exterior

Outside, the church's exterior is also striking. Although many large Catholic churches are located in western Ohio, they are more typically built in the Gothic Revival style – several counties in far western Ohio have been nicknamed the "Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches" because of the dominance of Gothic Revival churches in the region – and such a large Romanesque Revival church is unique. It fills an entire city block, and its tower is by far the most prominent part of the community's skyline; accordingly, it has been likened to a cathedral.

Recognition

In 1980, St. John's Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places because of its architectural significance. It is the only church on the National Register in Allen County, and one of three buildings in Delphos so to be recognized.

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