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St. Mary's Basilica (Halifax, Nova Scotia) facts for kids

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St. Mary's Basilica, Halifax
Halifax St Mary's 01.jpg
St. Mary's Basilica in 2016
44°38′40″N 63°34′23.69″W / 44.64444°N 63.5732472°W / 44.64444; -63.5732472Coordinates: 44°38′40″N 63°34′23.69″W / 44.64444°N 63.5732472°W / 44.64444; -63.5732472
Location 1531 Spring Garden Road
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
B3J 2B9
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website halifaxyarmouth.org/cathedral/
History
Status Cathedral, minor basilica
Consecrated October 19, 1899
Architecture
Functional status Active
Architectural type Norman-Gothic
Specifications
Materials Granite
Administration
Archdiocese Archdiocese of Halifax
Official name: St. Mary's Basilica National Historic Site of Canada
Designated: 1997
Official name: St. Mary's Basilica
Type: Provincially Registered Property
Designated: April 4, 1984
Reference #: 00PNS0025

St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica is a Gothic Revival Catholic cathedral located in downtown Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is the cathedral church of the Archdiocese of Halifax and is the largest Catholic church in the Archdiocese. Consecrated on October 19, 1899, it was made a basilica in 1950 by Pope Pius XII. The St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica boasts the tallest granite spire in North America.

History

The church has been significantly expanded and altered over time. Originally constructed of wood, it was replaced by a stone structure beginning in 1820 inspired (as were many churches of the day) by Saint Martin in the Fields in London. It was expanded to its present size beginning in 1869, according to designs of Patrick Keely who introduced the Gothic Revival facade and spire. Besides the Gothic features, the spire also includes Norman and Germanic design elements.

The facade and spire are notable for being built entirely of granite. All of the stone was locally obtained, except for the three portals which have a jamb shaft of pink Aberdeen granite. The spire has a height of 189 feet (58 m).

The basilica was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1997.

The church was heavily damaged in the Halifax Explosion on 6 December 1917. All of the stained glass windows were shattered by the force of the blast, and tiny pieces of glass were embedded in the walls. In addition to being peppered by the glass shards, the paintings on the walls suffered water damage from a blizzard which entered the church through the broken windows. The murals were covered over with white paint in the 1950s. In June 2019, work was begun to remove the layers of white paint (using scalpels) and restore damaged portions of the paintings—a project expected to continue until January 2020.

Cemetery

St. Peter's Cemetery located to the west of St. Mary's Basilica is the oldest Catholic cemetery in Halifax, created when the original chapel was built at the site of the basilica in 1784. The St. Peter's Cemetery served as the main Catholic burial place in Halifax until 1843 when it was replaced by Holy Cross Cemetery in 1843.

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