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Stone Mountain (North Carolina) facts for kids

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Stone Mountain
Climbers ascending Stone Mountain.jpg
The granite face of Stone Mountain.
Highest point
Elevation 2,305 ft (703 m)
Prominence 600 ft (180 m)
Location Alleghany / Wilkes counties, North Carolina, U.S.
Parent range Blue Ridge Mountains
Easiest route Hike or rock climb
Designated: 1974
Stone Mtn granodiorite 1
Sample of the granodiorite. Scale bar in upper right is 1 cm.

Stone Mountain is the centerpiece of Stone Mountain State Park. It is a dome of exposed granite (specifically a quartz diorite to granodiorite) of Devonian age, which has intruded into the gneiss of the Precambrian Alligator Back Formation. It rises sharply over 600 feet (183 m) above the surrounding terrain. The mountain, which has an elevation of 2,305 feet (706 m) above sea level, is known for its barren sides and distinctive brown-gray color, and can be seen for miles. The mountain offers some of the best rock climbing in North Carolina, and the park's creeks and streams feature excellent brook trout fishing.

Bulletin 426 Plate XVII B Stone Mountain NC
Stone Mountain c. 1910

Because the mountain is the best example of a monadnock in massive granite in North Carolina it was designated a National Natural Landmark in May 1974.

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