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Sutton
City
Main Street (Quebec Route 139)
Main Street (Quebec Route 139)
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Brome-Missisquoi
Settled 1802
Constituted July 4, 2002
Area
 • Total 248.50 km2 (95.95 sq mi)
 • Land 246.54 km2 (95.19 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 3,906
 • Density 15.8/km2 (41/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 2.7%
 • Dwellings
3,507
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J0E 2K0
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways Route 139
Route 215

Sutton is a town in southwestern Quebec. It is part of the Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality in the administrative region of the Montérégie. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 3,906. Historically, Sutton is considered to be part of the Eastern Townships.

History

Like many other towns and villages in the Eastern Townships, Sutton became home to many United Empire Loyalists, following the American Revolution. In 1799 the first recorded Loyalists immigrated to the area, among them Richard Shepherd, originally of New Hampshire. During the 19th century, new buildings were erected to serve the town's growing population, among them a school in 1808 (on the road linking the town to nearby Abercorn) as well as the town hall built in 1859. In the decades that followed, Protestant and Roman Catholic churches were built as was a railway station.

Sutton became a municipality in 1892, and later a town in 1962. In 2002, the township of Sutton merged with the town of Sutton, roughly doubling the town's population, and vastly expanding the town's area. The economy has moved from one largely based on farming to one that is heavily reliant on tourism due to the opening of Sutton Ski Resort in 1960. Sutton is now a popular year-round destination for road and mountain biking, hiking, visits to vineyards and micro-breweries.

Geography

Sutton is near the Canada–United States border with Vermont, 110 kilometres (68 mi) southeast of Montreal, 400 kilometres (250 mi) northwest of Boston, Massachusetts and 90 kilometres (56 mi) west of Sherbrooke.

Sutton is also close to Mont Sutton, which has an altitude of 968 metres (3,176 ft), and is a popular ski resort for tourists.

Demographics

Population

According to 2011 Census data, Sutton has one of the highest median ages in Canada, at 54.8 years. A sizable percentage of the town's population is composed of artists, the highest proportion in Canada.

Canada census – Sutton, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 3,906 (+2.7% from 2006) 3,805 (+8.0% from 2001)
Land area: 246.54 km2 (95.19 sq mi) 246.51 km2 (95.18 sq mi)
Population density: 15.8/km2 (41/sq mi) 15.4/km2 (40/sq mi)
Median age: 54.8 (M: 54.9, F: 54.7) 51.1 (M: 51.4, F: 50.7)
Total private dwellings: 3,507 3,319
Median household income: $48,453 $45,341
References: 2011 2006 earlier
Historical Census Data - Sutton, Quebec
Year Pop. ±%
1991 1,587 —    
1996 1,617 +1.9%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 1,631 +0.9%
2002M 3,524 +116.1%
Year Pop. ±%
2006 3,805 +8.0%
2011 3,906 +2.7%
(M) merger with township of Sutton in 2002.

Language

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Sutton, Quebec
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
3,815
2,295 Decrease 1.9% 60.16% 1,255 Increase 8.2% 32.90% 75 Increase 7.1% 1.97% 190 Increase 15.2% 4.98%
2006
3,735
2,340 Increase 205.9% 62.65% 1,160 Increase 60.0% 31.06% 70 Increase 133.3% 1.87% 165 Increase 312.5% 4.42%
2001
1,560
765 Increase 4.1% 49.04% 725 Increase 6.6% 46.47% 30 Decrease 60.0% 1.92% 40 Decrease 20.0% 2.56%
1996
1,540
735 n/a 47.73% 680 n/a 44.16% 75 n/a 4.87% 50 n/a 3.25%

Like many other communities in the southwestern quadrant of the province, Sutton has historically been an anglophone enclave in a predominantly francophone province. Today anglophones make up only 33% of the population, compared to 60% for francophones and 5% for allophones.

Due to a large Swiss population in the town, Sutton has many people who speak German. Every year Swiss National Day is celebrated at Mont Sutton ski resort on the last Saturday in July.

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