kids encyclopedia robot

Tadeusz Mazowiecki facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Tadeusz Mazowiecki - Europeana 1989 - TV Interview.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Poland
In office
24 August 1989 – 12 January 1991
President Wojciech Jaruzelski
Lech Wałęsa
Deputy Leszek Balcerowicz
Czesław Janicki
Jan Janowski
Czesław Kiszczak
Preceded by Czesław Kiszczak
Succeeded by Jan Krzysztof Bielecki
Chairman of the Freedom Union
In office
Preceded by (Party formed)
Succeeded by Leszek Balcerowicz
Chairman of the Democratic Union
In office
Preceded by (Party formed)
Succeeded by (became a chairman of the Freedom Union)
Member of Sejm of the People's Republic of Poland
In office
Member of Sejm of the Republic of Poland
In office
Constituency Poznań (1991–97)
Kraków (1997–2001)
Personal details
Born (1927-04-18)18 April 1927
Płock, Second Republic of Poland
Died 28 October 2013(2013-10-28) (aged 86)
Warsaw, Poland
Political party PAX Association (1949–55)
Znak (1961–72)
Solidarity (1980–91)
Democratic Union (1991–94)
Freedom Union (1994–2005)
Democratic Party – (2005–06)
Spouse(s) Krystyna
Children Wojciech, Adam, Michal
Profession Author, journalist, social worker

Tadeusz Mazowiecki (18 April 1927 – 28 October 2013) was a Polish author, journalist, philanthropist and Christian-democratic politician. Mazowiecki was the first Prime Minister of Poland. His term began in 1989 and ended in 1991.

Early life

Mazowiecki was born on 18 April 1927 in Płock, Second Republic of Poland. He was married two times (became a widower twice). He had three children, Wojciech, Adam, and Michal.


He was formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement. Mazowiecki was the first non-communist prime minister in the Eastern Bloc after World War II. He became Prime Minister on 24 August 1989. His term lasted for nearly 2 years when he left office on 12 January 1991.

In 2003, he was elected to the board of directors of the International Criminal Court's Trust Fund for Victims.


Mazowiecki received numerous awards. An honorary degree from the universities in: Leuven, Genoa, Giessen, Poitiers, Exeter, Warsaw University and University of Economics in Katowice.

He also received the Order of White Eagle (1995), Golden Order of Bosnia (1996), Légion d'honneur (1997), Srebrnica Award (2005), the Giant award (1995) awarded by Gazeta Wyborcza (Election Gazette) in Poznań and Jan Nowak-Jezioranski Award (2004).


Mazowiecki died on 28 October 2013 in Warsaw, Poland from complications from a fever caused by pneumonia. He was 86 years old.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Tadeusz Mazowiecki Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.