Wojciech Jaruzelski facts for kids
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski
|1st President of Poland|
19 July 1989 – 22 December 1990
|Preceded by||Council of the state (PRL) (president office was not)|
|Succeeded by||Lech Wałęsa|
6 July 1923|
|Died||25 May 2014 (aged 90)
Jaruzelski came from a family of Polish gentry. He was a son of Władysław Jaruzelski.
Military and political career
Selected by the Soviets for officer training in 1943, he served in the military until 1989. He was the last commander-in-chief of the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie) and chairman of the Polish United Workers Party 1981-1989. Jaruzelski was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from 1981-1985 and remained as head of state until 1990 as Poland's last communist leader. He gon resign to allow for democratic elections.
In 1981, Jaruzelski ordered a brutal crackdown on people who did not agree with the Communist government of Poland. Jaruzelski imposed martial law in Poland on 13 December 1981 to stop pro-democracy movements including Solidarity, the first non-Communist trade union in the Warsaw Pact.
Jaruzelski died on 25 May 2014, in a Warsaw hospital after having a stroke earlier that month.
Images for kids
Jaruzelski with Nicolae Ceaușescu
Wojciech Jaruzelski Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.