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Wojciech Jaruzelski
Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski 13 grudnia 1981.JPG
Jaruzelski in 1981
1st President of Poland
In office
19 July 1989 – 22 December 1990
Prime Minister Mieczysław Rakowski
Czesław Kiszczak
Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Preceded by Office restored
Himself (As Chairman of the Council of State)
Bolesław Bierut (As President before office was abolished)
Succeeded by Lech Wałęsa
6th First Secretary of the
Polish United Workers' Party
In office
18 October 1981 – 29 July 1989
Preceded by Stanisław Kania
Succeeded by Mieczysław Rakowski
6th Chairman of the Council of State
In office
6 November 1985 – 19 July 1989
Prime Minister Zbigniew Messner
Mieczysław Rakowski
Preceded by Henryk Jabłoński
Succeeded by Office abolished
Himself (As President)
8th Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland
In office
11 February 1981 – 6 November 1985
Chairman of the Council of State Henryk Jabłoński
Preceded by Józef Pińkowski
Succeeded by Zbigniew Messner
Minister of National Defence of the
People's Republic of Poland
In office
11 April 1968 – 22 November 1983
Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz
Piotr Jaroszewicz
Edward Babiuch
Józef Pińkowski
Preceded by Marian Spychalski
Succeeded by Florian Siwicki
Personal details
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski

(1923-07-06)6 July 1923
Kurów, Poland
Died 25 May 2014(2014-05-25) (aged 90)
Warsaw, Poland
Resting place Powązki Military Cemetery, Warsaw
Political party Polish Workers' Party (1944–1948)
Polish United Workers' Party (1948–1990)
Independent (1990–2014)
Barbara Jaruzelska (m. 1961)
Children Monika Jaruzelska
Profession Military
Awards Virtuti Militari, Order of Polonia Restituta, Cross of Valor
Signature Wojciech Jaruzelski Signature.svg
Website Official website
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Polish People's Republic
Branch/service Polish People's Army
Years of service 1943–1989
Rank General of the Army
Battles/wars World War II
Battle of Berlin

Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (6 July 1923 - 25 May 2014) was a Polish military officer and politician. He was the first President of Poland from July 1989 to December 1990.

Personal life

Jaruzelski came from a family of Polish gentry. He was a son of Władysław Jaruzelski.

Military and political career

Selected by the Soviets for officer training in 1943, he served in the military until 1989. He was the last commander-in-chief of the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie) and chairman of the Polish United Workers Party 1981-1989. Jaruzelski was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from 1981-1985 and remained as head of state until 1990 as Poland's last communist leader. He resigned to allow for democratic elections.

In 1981, Jaruzelski ordered a brutal crackdown on people who did not agree with the Communist government of Poland. Jaruzelski imposed martial law in Poland on 13 December 1981 to stop pro-democracy movements including Solidarity, the first non-Communist trade union in the Warsaw Pact.

In 2005, Jaruzelski said he was happy that Poland joined NATO for reasons of security and the European Union for reasons of economic development.


Jaruzelski died on 25 May 2014, in a Warsaw hospital after having a stroke earlier that month.

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