kids encyclopedia robot

Polish People's Republic facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Republic of Poland (1944–52)
Rzeczpospolita Polska
Polish People's Republic (1952–89)

Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa
1944–1989
Flag of Poland
Flag (1944–80)
Coat of arms of Poland
Coat of arms
Anthem: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of the People's Republic of Poland in Europe.
Location of the People's Republic of Poland in Europe.
Status Satellite state of the Soviet Union
Member of the Warsaw Pact
Capital Warsaw
Lublin (1944–45)
Łódź (1945–48)
Common languages Polish
Government Marxist–Leninist single-party state (after 1952)
Head of State  
• President
1944–1952

Bolesław Bierut (first)
• 1989
Wojciech Jaruzelski (last)
• Chairman of the Council of State
1952–1964


Aleksander Zawadzki (first)
• 1985–1989
Wojciech Jaruzelski (last)
Prime Minister  
• 1944–1947
Edward Osóbka-Morawski (first)
• 1989
Tadeusz Mazowiecki (last)
Historical era World War II, Cold War
• Provisional government
1944
• Workers' Party established
December 16–21, 1948
• Constitution
July 22, 1952
• Democracy restored
December 30 1989
Area
1990 312,685 km2 (120,728 sq mi)
Population
• 1946
23930000
• 1990
37970155
Currency Polish złoty
ISO 3166 code PL
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Nazi Germany
General Government
Soviet Union
Poland

Polish People's Republic was an official name of Poland since 1952 until 1989.

History of People Republic of Poland

Origin of the name

In Bierut's project of Constitution was formulation "People Republic of Poland". It was on the Stalinist model. Amendments in the draft made Joseph Stalin.

Fight with the Catholic Church

Polish government tolerated religion beliefs, but in 1950, when Minister for Religious Affairs, Antoni Bida accused Polish Church about hostility to the state, conflict began, and was continued to the collapse of People Republic of Poland and the communism in Poland in 1989.

Poznań Uprishing

In June 1956 was workers strinke, finished the death of 75 people.

Polish October - "Odwilż gomułkowska"

In October 19, 1956 to Poland arrived leaders of Communistic Party of Sovietic Union. There was a political breakthrough.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Polish People's Republic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.