Konstantin Rokossovsky facts for kids
Konstantin Rokossovsky 1945
|Birth name||Konstanty Rokossowski|
21 December 1896|
Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire
|Died||3 August 1968
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Kremlin Wall Necropolis
|Years of service||1914–1937, 1940–1962|
|Rank||Marshal of the Soviet Union
Marshal of Poland
Konstantin Konstantinovich (Xaverevich) Rokossovsky (December 21, 1896 – August 3, 1968) was a Soviet and Polish officer who became Marshal of the Soviet Union, Marshal of Poland, and served as Poland's Defence Minister from 1949 until his removal in 1956 during the Polish October. He was among the most prominent Red Army commanders of World War II, especially renowned for his planning and executing of Operation Bagration, one of the most decisive Red Army successes of the war.
Konstantin Rokossovsky's place in history as a military leader was established in the war known among Soviets as the Great Patriotic War, that began with the German invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. He rose from being a disgraced officer and former prisoner charged with treason, through the rank of Major General, to become a Marshal of the Soviet Union, who was finally put in charge of the victory parade in Moscow at the conclusion of the war in 1945. He played a major role in almost every strategically important operation that eventually led to Soviet victory over Germany during World War II.
Dates of rank
- promoted Major General, 4 June 1940
- promoted Lieutenant General, 14 July 1941
- promoted Colonel General, 15 Jan 1943
- promoted Army General, 28 April 1943
- promoted Marshal of the Soviet Union, 29 June 1944
- declared Marshal of Poland 2 November 1949
In 1958 he became chief inspector of the Ministry of Defence, a post he held until his retirement in April 1962. He died in August 1968, aged 71. His ashes are buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis on Red Square.
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