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Warsaw Uprising
Part of Operation Tempest, World War II
Warsaw Uprising
Polish Home Army positions, outlined in red, on day 4 (4 August 1944)
Date 1 August – 2 October 1944 (2 months and 1 day)
Location Warsaw, Poland
52°13′48″N 21°00′39″E / 52.23°N 21.01083°E / 52.23; 21.01083Coordinates: 52°13′48″N 21°00′39″E / 52.23°N 21.01083°E / 52.23; 21.01083
Result German victory
  • Destruction of the city
Participants
Flaga PPP.svg Polish resistance

United Kingdom Royal Air Force including Polish squadrons
(4 August – 21 September)
Poland Polish First Army (from 14 September)
Soviet Union Soviet Air Force (from 14 September)
South Africa South African Air Force
United States USAAF
(18 September only)

Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (and auxiliaries from German-controlled Lithuania and German-controlled Ukraine)
Commanders and leaders
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski (POW)
Tadeusz Pełczyński  (POW)
Antoni Chruściel (POW)
Karol Ziemski  (POW)
Edward Pfeiffer  (POW)
Leopold Okulicki
Jan Mazurkiewicz
Konstantin Rokossovsky
Zygmunt Berling
Walter Model
Nikolaus von Vormann
Rainer Stahel
Erich von dem Bach
Heinz Reinefarth
Bronislav Kaminski
Petro Dyachenko
Strength
Range 20,000 to 49,000 (initially) Range 13,000 to 25,000 (initially)
Casualties and losses
Polish insurgents:
10,000 KIA


5,200–6,000 MIA
5,000 WIA
15,000 POW

Berling 1st Army: 5,660 casualties


150,000–200,000 civilians killed, 700,000 expelled from the city.
German forces:
7,000–9,000 KIA


7,000 MIA
9,000 WIA
2,000 POW


310 tanks and armoured vehicles, 340 trucks and cars, 22 artillery pieces and one aircraft

The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: powstanie warszawskie) was a major World War II attack by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa). The resistance wanted to free Warsaw from Nazi Germany.

The attack happened at the same time as the Soviet Union's Red Army got close to the east of the city and the German forces retreated. However, the Soviets stopped moving forward. This allowed the Germans to destroy the city and defeat the Polish resistance.

The resistance fought for 63 days with little help from other Allied armies. The Uprising was the largest attack done by any European resistance movement of World War II.

The uprising began on 1 August 1944. It was part of a big plan, Operation Tempest, which started when the Soviet Army got near Warsaw. The goals of the Polish resistance were to push the German troops out of the city. They also wanted to free Warsaw before the Soviets arrived. This would help the Polish Underground State to take control of the city.

At the start of the battle, the Polish resistance got control over most of central Warsaw. The Soviets did not move into the city to help the resistance troops.

By 14 September, Polish forces under Soviet command captured the east bank of the Vistula river. The Soviet army did not help the Poles. The Soviets did not use their military planes to help the Poles.

Winston Churchill asked Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt to help the Polish troops, but the Soviets would not help the Poles. Churchill sent over 200 drops of supplies by air. The US Army Air Force sent one drop of supplies by air.

About 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 were badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians were executed. Jews being hidden by Poles were found by the Germans.

The Germans had over 8,000 soldiers killed and missing, and 9,000 wounded. During the fighting in the city approximately 25% of Warsaw's buildings were destroyed. Following the surrender of Polish forces, German troops destroyed 35% of the city.

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