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Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum facts for kids

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Weston State Hospital
Weston State Hospital.jpg
The Hospital's main building in 2006
Location Asylum Drive, Weston, West Virginia
Area 26.5 acres (10.7 ha)
Built Constructed 1858-1881. Opened to patients 1864.
Architect Richard Snowden Andrews
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Tudor Revival
Kirkbride Plan
NRHP reference No. 78002805
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 19, 1978
Designated NHL June 21, 1990

The Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, subsequently the Weston State Hospital, was a Kirkbride psychiatric hospital that was operated from 1864 until 1994 by the government of the U.S. state of West Virginia, in the city of Weston. Weston State Hospital got its name in 1913 which was used while patients occupied it, but was changed back to its originally commissioned, unused name, the Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, after being reopened as a tourist attraction.

Designed by Gothic Revival and Tudor Revival styles by Baltimore architect Richard Snowden Andrews, it was constructed from 1858 to 1881. Originally designed to hold 250 people, it became overcrowded in the 1950s with 2,400 patients. It was forcibly closed in 1994 due to changes in patient treatment. The hospital was bought by Joe Jordan in 2007, and is opened for tours and other events to raise money for its restoration. The hospital's main building is claimed to be one of the largest hand-cut stone masonry buildings in the United States, and the second largest hand-cut sandstone building in the world, with the only bigger one being in the Moscow Kremlin. As Weston Hospital Main Building, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1990.

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