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Union Station
Seattle Union Station in 2016.jpg
The building's exterior in 2016
Location 4th Ave. S. and S. Jackson St.
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Built 1910–11
Architect Daniel J. Patterson
Architectural style Beaux-Arts
NRHP reference No. 74001960
Added to NRHP August 30, 1974

Union Station is a former train station in Seattle, Washington, United States, constructed between 1910 and 1911 to serve the Union Pacific Railroad and the Milwaukee Road. It was originally named Oregon and Washington Station, after a subsidiary line of the Union Pacific. It serves today as the headquarters of Sound Transit, the public transit agency serving the city and metro area.

History

Seattle - Union Station interior pano 01
Interior, as seen from the front entrance

Located at the corner of S. Jackson Street and 4th Avenue S. in the Pioneer Square neighborhood, the station opened on May 20, 1911. The Milwaukee Road discontinued passenger service to Union Station 50 years later, on May 22, 1961, and the Union Pacific followed suit on April 30, 1971. With no passenger rail service serving Seattle from Union Station, the building remained largely empty. An antique store filled the great hall for several years. After nearly 30 years of sitting idle, the station finally experienced an expansive renovation supported by Nitze-Stagen with financial backing from Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen. The Union Station's renovation was the winner of the 2000 National Historic Preservation Award. The building has served as the headquarters of Sound Transit since 1999. Its grand hall is available to the public as a venue for weddings and other events.

In Seattle, the term Union Station refers not only to the main station building, but also to the several adjacent office buildings at 505, 605, 625 and 705 5th Avenue South. Amazon.com was a major tenant of these properties from 2000 to 2011, all but one owned by Opus Northwest, and the other by Vulcan. The entire complex is earthquake-proofed by an underground ring of rubber.

The remaining passenger train service to Seattle (Amtrak long-distance trains and Sounder commuter trains) operates from King Street Station, located one block to the west of Union Station. The International District/Chinatown station of the Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel, opened in 1990 and served by buses of King County Metro and since 2009 by Sound Transit's Central Link light rail line, is located directly adjacent to Union Station, mostly below street level.


Preceding station Milwaukee Road Following station
Terminus Main Line Black River
towards Chicago
Preceding station Union Pacific Railroad Following station
Kent
toward Portland
Portland–Seattle Line Terminus
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