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Viqueque District (Vikeke)
District
Viqueque rice field.jpg
Rice fields in Viqueque
Flag of Viqueque.svg
Flag
Country  East Timor
Subdistricts Lacluta, Ossu, Uato-Lari, Uato Carabau, Viqueque
Capital Viqueque
 - coordinates 8°51′N 126°22′E / 8.85°N 126.367°E / 8.85; 126.367
Area 1,880 km² (726 sq mi)
Population 73,581 (2011)
Density 39 /km² (101 /sq mi)
District Administrator Francisco Guterres
Timezone Time in East Timor (UTC+9)
ISO 3166-2 TL-VI

Viqueque (Tetum: Vikeke) is the largest of the districts of East Timor. The name comes from the ancient name "We Keke"; We means "water" and Keke "bracelet".

Geography

Sucos Viqueque
Subdistricts and sucos of the Viqueque district
Viqueque cities rivers
Cities and rivers of Viqueque district

Viqueque is on the south coast of Timor, on the Timor Sea. It has an area of 1,880.39 km2 (726.02 sq mi).

It borders the districts Baucau to the north, Lautém to the east, and Manatuto to the west.

The capital of the district has the same name: Viqueque and the present district administrator is Francisco Guterres.

There are five subdistricts: Lacluta, Ossu, Uato-Lari (which was known in Portuguese Timor as Leça, and, in Tetum, is spelled Watulari), Uato Carabau (spelled Watucarbau in Tetum), and Viqueque.

Among the rivers that flow through the Viqueque district and into the Timor Sea are: Nunuc, Tuco, Cuha, Bularan, Benaro, Beaco and Weburak in the subdistrict Viqueque; Lugassa on the border with Uato -Lari; Saqueto, Bebui, Borouai and Oiqui in the Uato-Lari subdistrict; and Molaiuai and Uaidori in the Uatucarbau subdistrict.

The Ossu subdistrict is surrounded by several mountains: Monte Mundo Perdido in the west, the Builo in the south, the Matebian massif to the east and Fatu Laritame in the north. In Monte Mundo Perdido, 16,100 hectares (40,000 acres) are protected for hunting and for the protection of birds as Important Bird Area. Here, there are many endemic species, including many rare orchids.

Population

The district of Viqueque had a population of 73,581 in 2011. Its density is 39.1 inhabitants per km².

Viqueque is a homeland of the Malayo-Polynesian language Tetum. In East Timor it is co-official with Portuguese. In the east part of the district live speakers of the Papuan language Makasae.

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