West Elizabeth, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
West Elizabeth
Borough
Fifth Street
Fifth Street
Location in Allegheny County and the state of Pennsylvania
Location in Allegheny County and the state of Pennsylvania
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 518
 • Density 1,730/sq mi (670/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 15088

West Elizabeth is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 518 at the 2010 census.

Elizabeth and west elizabeth
Sketch showing Elizabeth and West Elizabeth, PA, circa 1897

Geography

West Elizabeth is located at 40°16′22″N 79°53′42″W / 40.27278°N 79.895°W / 40.27278; -79.895 (40.272901, -79.894918).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), of which 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 27.59%, is water.

History

The town was initially laid out in 1833, and incorporated March 3, 1848. West Elizabeth was a coal mining and boat-building town. Coal was transported by barge down the Monongahela River to industries in Pittsburgh. Coal was transported from the mine to the river by Walton's Coal Incline and the O'Neil and Company Incline.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 328
1860 364 11.0%
1870 590 62.1%
1880 838 42.0%
1890 719 −14.2%
1900 747 3.9%
1910 841 12.6%
1920 890 5.8%
1930 1,074 20.7%
1940 1,297 20.8%
1950 1,137 −12.3%
1960 921 −19.0%
1970 848 −7.9%
1980 808 −4.7%
1990 634 −21.5%
2000 565 −10.9%
2010 518 −8.3%
Est. 2015 508 −1.9%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 565 people, 247 households, and 153 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,764.6 people per square mile (1,090.7/km²). There were 279 housing units at an average density of 1,365.2 per square mile (538.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.29% White, 0.18% African American, 0.35% Asian, and 0.18% from two or more races.

There were 247 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,339, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $36,667 versus $19,712 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,687. About 9.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Academic achievement

West Jefferson Hills School District was ranked 50th out of 500 Pennsylvania school districts for student academic achievement, by the Pittsburgh Business Times in 2014. The ranking was based on the last three years of student academic performance on the PSSAs for: math, reading, writing and science.The PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through 8th and the 11th grade in high school. Adapted examinations are given to children in the special education programs.

2013 – 51st

2012 - 49th. In 2014, the Pittsburgh Business Times also reported an Overachievers Ranking for 500 Pennsylvania school districts. West Jefferson Hills School District ranked 309th. In 2013, the District ranked 318. In 2012, the District was ranked 299th. [10] The editor describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced-price lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, and any district above the median point is exceeding expectations." The West Jefferson Hills School District was ranked 17th out of 105 Western Pennsylvania School Districts in 2015, by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on the last three years of student academic performance on the PSSAs for: math, reading, writing and science. (includes 105 districts in: Allegheny County, Armstrong County, Beaver County,Butler County, Fayette County, Washington County and Westmoreland County excludes Duquesne City School District & Midland Borough School District due to no high schools)

2014-14th

2013-15th

2012 - 17th

Graduation rate

In 2012, West Jefferson Hills School District’s graduation rate was 96%. In 2011, the District's graduation rate was 93.6%.

In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. West Jefferson Hills School District's rate was 93% for 2010.

According to traditional graduation rate calculations:

  • 2010 – 98%
  • 2009 – 98%
  • 2008 – 97%
  • 2007 – 97%

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