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Wilberforce, Ohio facts for kids

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Wilberforce, Ohio
Approaching Wilberforce from the northeast
Approaching Wilberforce from the northeast
Location of Wilberforce, Ohio
Location of Wilberforce, Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Greene
Township Xenia
 • Total 3.10 sq mi (8.04 km2)
 • Land 3.08 sq mi (7.98 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
1,007 ft (307 m)
 • Total 2,271
 • Density 737/sq mi (284.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 937
FIPS code 39-85092
GNIS feature ID 1061778

Wilberforce is a census-designated place (CDP) in Greene County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,271 at the 2010 census, up from 1,579 at the 2000 census. The community was named for the English statesman William Wilberforce, who worked for the abolition of slavery and achieved the end of the slave trade in the United Kingdom and its empire. The community is home to Wilberforce University and Central State University, two historically black universities.


Wilberforce is located in central Greene County at 39°42′57″N 83°52′48″W / 39.71583°N 83.88°W / 39.71583; -83.88 (39.715739, -83.880022). It is bordered to the southwest by the city of Xenia, the county seat. Wilberforce is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

U.S. Route 42 passes through the community, leading southwest 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to the center of Xenia and northeast 4.5 miles (7.2 km) to Cedarville. Downtown Dayton is 19 miles (31 km) to the west of Wilberforce.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.78%, is water.


The small community was an important stop on the Underground Railroad before the American Civil War, as it had seven stations.

The Ohio Historical Society operates the National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center, which provides exhibits and learning opportunities for the regional community. The Association of African American Museums, also located in Wilberforce and supported by the private university, works to build professional capacity among smaller museums.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,579 people, 189 households, and 133 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 510.7 people per square mile (197.3/km²). There were 220 housing units at an average density of 71.2/sq mi (27.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 11.21% White, 84.17% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.13% from other races, and 3.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.

There were 189 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 7.8% under the age of 18, 69.5% from 18 to 24, 9.4% from 25 to 44, 7.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,641, and the median income for a family was $39,038. Males had a median income of $4,706 versus $23,906 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $10,483. None of the families and 6.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 16.3% of those over 64.

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