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Yamacraw Bluff facts for kids

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Yamacraw Bluff
Location Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
Coordinates 32°04′52″N 81°05′19″W / 32.081111°N 81.088611°W / 32.081111; -81.088611Coordinates: 32°04′52″N 81°05′19″W / 32.081111°N 81.088611°W / 32.081111; -81.088611

Yamacraw Bluff is a bluff situated on the southern bank of the Savannah River. Now completely enclosed within downtown Savannah, Georgia, the bluff is most notable for being the site upon which General James Edward Oglethorpe arrived to settle the British colony of Georgia. The area was originally inhabited by the Yamacraw Indians. A stone marker and statue now adorn the bluff in honor of its historic significance.

History

The student's history of Georgia. From the earliest discoveries and settlements to the end of the year 1883. Adapted for general reading and the use of schools (1884) (14594577527)
Tomochichi and his nephew, Toonahawi

Yamacraw Bluff was first inhabited around 1730 by a group of Creek Indians who named themselves after the bluff. Their chief, Tomochichi, was also the founder of the tribe. In 1733, General James Oglethorpe and 114 colonists landed on the bluff. The general went on to found the town of Savannah with the help of the chief and a local interpreter, Mary Musgrove. The Native Yamacraws eventually left the bluff to merge with a larger inland tribe, having occupied the bluff for less than two decades.

Monuments and markers

In anticipation of the 1933 bicentennial celebration of Georgia's founding, a stone marker was laid on Bay Street in a small park just west of Savannah City Hall. The marker, erected in 1930, reads:

This is Yamacraw Bluff where the Colony of Georgia was founded, February 12, 1733, by Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe Voted by the Georgia Daughters of the American Revolution The Most Historic Spot in Georgia.
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