kids encyclopedia robot

Aach, Baden-Württemberg facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Aach
Aach hegau.jpg
Coat of arms of Aach
Coat of arms
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Konstanz
Elevation
545 m (1,788 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)
 • Total 2,295
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
78267
Dialling codes 07774
Vehicle registration KN
Website www.aach.de
Lordship of Aach

Herrschaft Aach
before 1100 – 1805
Status Lordship
Capital Aach
Common languages Low Alemannic
Government Lordship
Historical era Middle Ages
• Established, within
    Further Austria

before 1100 10th century
• Rudolph I grants
    city rights

1283
• Swabian War
1499
• Occupied: German
    Peasants' War

1525
• Ravaged during French
    Revolutionary Wars

March 25, 1799
• Mediatised to Baden
1805
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Grand Duchy of Baden

Aach is a small town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg (the region of Hegau). Being situated close to Lake Constance and the Swiss border, it is mostly known for the Aachtopf — Germany's biggest natural spring in terms of production.

History

Aach was first mentioned in the year 1100. By the year 1150 the settlement was known in Latin as Oppidum Ach in Hegovia. Aach was granted town rights in 1283 by King Rudolph I of Germany. For the next centuries it was a part of Further Austria.

In 1499 battles of the Swabian War took place right before gates of Aach. Only 26 years later, in 1525, the German Peasants' War reached Aach, when region's aristocrats flew from the uprisings to the city, whereupon it was occupied by the rebel peasants. However, the uprisings were thrown down quickly by September 1525.

On March 25, 1799, there was a battle in Aach between Austria and France in the Napoleonic Wars. After Austria's defeat in the Third Coalition 1805, Aach came to the Grand Duchy of Baden, which joined the German Empire in 1871.

After World War II Aach became a part of the new (West) German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Geography

Aach is situated at the edge of the Hegau — a volcanic landscape between Lake Constance and the Swabian Alb mountains. The German–Swiss border lies about 14 km to the southeast.

Jewish History

The first record of Jews in Aach is dated to 1518, in which the Jews of nearby Geisingen were accused of murdering a Christian child, an incident that can be considered a Blood libel. Every ten years, the local Jews were required to renew their residence permits. Between 1560 and 1570, five Jewish families resided in the town. Jews could host a maximum of five guests. They were required to notify the authorities upon the arrival of a Jewish visitor, and he could not trade with the local townspeople. In 1583, residence rights, now truncated to five-year increments, were renewed for Aach’s six Jewish families. Additional restrictions were imposed on the town Jews, forbidding them to deal with agricultural products, and chant at the synagogue.

kids search engine
Aach, Baden-Württemberg Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.