Baden-Württemberg facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|• Total||35,751.46 km2 (13,803.72 sq mi)|
|• Density||308.33493/km2 (798.58381/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||DE-BW|
|GDP/ Nominal||€ 477/ $561 billion (2016)|
|GDP per capita||€ 42,000/ $49,400 (2015)|
Baden-Württemberg is a federal state (Bundesland) in the southwestern region of Germany. It is the third largest German state by total area (after Bavaria and Lower Saxony) with a size of nearly 35,752 km² and population (after North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria) with over 11 million people as of 2017. It shares borders to the east with the state of Bavaria, to the north with the states of Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate, to the west with the country of France (along the river Rhine), and to the south with the countries of Switzerland and Austria. Its biggest cities are Stuttgart, the capital, Mannheim, and Karlsruhe. The Minister President is Winfried Kretschmann of the party Alliance '90/The Greens.
In 2017, Baden-Württemberg ranked 2 on the Human Development Index (HDI) among all states in Germany.
The Minister President is the chief of the government of Baden-Württemberg. The government is made up of ministers and state secretaries.
The CDU was the main political party in the state between 1953-2011, the Ministers President have all been members of the CDU. Between the years 1972 and 1992, the members of the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg were mostly members of the CDU. But the state is also a stronghold of the "Grünen" which were founded in the early 1980s in Karlsruhe. The election results of the Grünen in Baden-Württemberg have always been above the election average for the party in Germany.
Since 2016 there have been 5 parties represented in the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg:
- Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- Alternative for Germany (AfD)
- Social Democratic Party (SPD)
- Free Democratic Party (FDP/DVP)
List of Ministers President since 1952:
|1958–1966||Kurt Georg Kiesinger||CDU|
Baden-Württemberg has the third largest economy in Germany after the economies of North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria. It had a gross regional product (GRP) of €524.33 billion in 2019.
In the northern part of Württemberg and the Kurpfalz the majority are Protestants. But the other parts of the state, especially the south, the majority are Roman Catholics.
Statistics for Baden-Württemberg:
|Roman Catholic||38.3%||c. 4.1 mio.|
|Protestants||34.6%||c. 3.7 mio.|
|Other or none||21.4%||c. 2.25 mio.|
Images for kids
The Black Forest as seen from the Belchen
Baden-Württemberg Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.