Akaroa Harbour facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsAkaroa Harbour
A photo of Akaroa Harbour from the northwest with Ōnawe Peninsula clearly visible
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Nautical chart "NZ 6324 Akaroa Harbour"
|Coordinates||43°50′40.56″S 172°55′30.719″E / 43.8446000°S 172.92519972°E|
|Islands||The Long Boat|
|Settlements||Akaroa, Duvauchelle, Takapūneke, Takamatua|
Akaroa Harbour, is part of Banks Peninsula in the Canterbury region of New Zealand. The harbour enters from the southern coast of the peninsula, heading in a predominantly northerly direction. It is one of two major inlets in Banks Peninsula, on the coast of Canterbury, New Zealand; the other is Lyttelton Harbour on the northern coast.
The name Akaroa is an alternative spelling of Whakaroa, Whangaroa or Wangaloa from the Kāi Tahu dialect of Māori. Whakaroa means "Long Harbour".
The harbour was used commercially for in the mid-19th century for ship-based and shore-based whaling. Cruise ships occasionally enter the harbour, with the passengers visiting Akaroa.
Ōnawe Peninsula is at the head of the harbour, the former site of a Māori pā.
Akaroa Harbour's waterfront has been continually inhabited since the 1840s.
Akaroa, Duvauchelle, Takapūneke, Takamatua, Barrys Bay, French Farm and Wainui lie on the shoreline of the harbour. They are connected to the rest of Canterbury via State Highway 75. French Bay, the site of the French settlement of Akaroa, was originally known as Paka Ariki.
Geography and Natural Features
The harbour is one of two eroded volcanic centres from the extinct Banks Peninsula Volcano.
The 475-hectare (1,170-acre) Akaroa Marine Reserve was given approval in 2013 after a 17-year campaign to get it established.
As of 2011[update], of the seven sites that are sampled in the harbour for water quality, six are graded as "good" and one as "fair" in terms of recreational use. Rainfall affects the grading.
Holding ground of the harbour