Aamir Khusrau teaching his disciples in a miniature from a manuscript of Majlis al-Ushshaq by Husayn Bayqarah.
|Birth name||Ab'ul Hasan Yamīn ud-Dīn K͟husrau|
Patiyali, Delhi Sultanate
|Died||October 1325 (aged 71–72)
Delhi, Delhi Sultanate
|Genres||Ghazal, Qawwali, Ruba'i, Tarana|
|Occupation(s)||Sufi, musician, poet, composer, author, scholar|
Ab'ul Hasan Yamīn ud-Dīn Khusrau (1253 – 1325), better known as Amīr Khusrow Dehlavī, was a Sufi musician, poet and scholar from India. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of South Asia. He was a mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, India.
He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. A vocabulary in verse, the Ḳhāliq Bārī, containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindavi terms is often attributed to him. Khusrow is sometimes referred to as the "voice of India" or "Parrot of India" (Tuti-e-Hind), and has been called the "father of Urdu literature."
Khusrow is regarded as the "father of qawwali" (a devotional music form of the Sufis in the Indian subcontinent), and introduced the ghazal style of song into India, both of which still exist widely in India and Pakistan.
He was an expert in many styles of Persian poetry which were developed in medieval Persia, from Khāqānī's qasidas to Nizami's khamsa.
He used 11 metrical schemes with 35 distinct divisions. He wrote in many verse forms including ghazal, masnavi, qata, rubai, do-baiti and tarkib-band. His contribution to the development of the ghazal was significant.
Amir Khusrow was a prolific classical poet associated with the royal courts of more than seven rulers of the Delhi Sultanate. He wrote many playful riddles, songs and legends which have become a part of popular culture in South Asia. His riddles are one of the most popular forms of Hindavi poetry today.
Khusrow died in October 1325. Khusrow's tomb is next to that of his spiritual master in the Nizamuddin Dargah in Delhi.
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