Delhi Sultanate facts for kids
The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) or Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) were the Persian-speaking dynasties of Turkic and Afghan origin, which were controlling most of the Indian subcontinent from 1210 to 1526. Many of these dynasties ruled from Delhi. This includes the Slave dynasty (1206-90), the Khilji dynasty (1290-1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320-1413), the Sayyid dynasty (1414-51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451-1526). Later on, after the region fell to the Mughals, there was again a brief period when Humayun, son of the Mughal Babur and father of Akbar the Great, was deposed by the Pathan Suri dynasty who enjoyed a short rule then, before Humayun was reinstated in 1555.
Sultans of Delhi
Mamluk, or Slave dynasty (1206 - 1290)
- Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1206 - 1210)
- Aram Shah (1210 - 1211)
- Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1211 - 1236)
- Rukn ud din Firuz (1236)
- Raziyyat ud din Sultana (1236 - 1240) (Raziyya Sultana)
- Muiz ud din Bahram (1240 - 1242)
- Ala ud din Masud (1242 - 1246)
- Nasir ud din Mahmud (1246 - 1266)
- Ghiyas ud din Balban (1266 - 1286)
- Muiz ud din Qaiqabad (1286 - 1290)
- Shamsuddin Kayumars (1290)
Khilji (Khalji) dynasty (1290 - 1320)
- Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji (1290 - 1294)
- Ala ud din Khilji (1294 - 1316)
- Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah (1316 - 1321)
Tughlaq dynasty (1321 - 1398)
- Ghiyas ud din Tughluq Shah I (1321 - 1325)
- Muhammad Shah II (1325 - 1351)
- Mahmud Ibn Muhammad ( March 1351)
- Firuz Shah Tughluq (1351 - 1388)
- Ghiyas ud din Tughluq II (1388 - 1389)
- Abu Bakar (1389 - 1390)
- Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III (1390 - 1393)
- Sikander Shah I ( March - April 1393)
- Mahmud Nasir ud din (Sultan Mahmud II) at Delhi (1393 - 1394)
- Nusrat Shah at Firuzabad (1394 - 1398)
Sayyid (Syed) Dynasty (1414 - 1451)
- Khizr Khan (1414 - 1421)
- Mubarrak Shah II (1421 - 1435)
- Muhammad Shah IV (1435 - 1445)
- Aladdin Alam Shah (1445 - 1451)
Lodi (Lodhi) dynasty (1451 - 1526)
1526-1540: Mughal rule after the First Battle of Panipat
Suri, or Sur dynasty (1540 - 1555)
- Sher Shah Suri (Farid Khan Suri) (1540 - 1545)
- Islam Shah (1545 - 1553)
- Muhammad V (1553 - 1554)
- Firuz Shah ( 29 April - 2 May 1554)
- Ibrahim III (1554 - 1554/5)
- Sikander Shah (1554/5 - 1555)
1555: Return to Mughal Rule after brief interregnum
- The History of South Asia series) has more information at Islamic Empires in India#Delhi Sultanate
- List of Indian monarchs
- Braudel, Fernand, The perspective of the World, vol III of Civilization and Capitalism 1984 (original French ed. 1979)
- Elliot and Dowson: The History of India as told by its own Historians, (New Delhi) reprint, 1990.
- Peter Jackson The Delhi Sultanate. A Political and Military History (Cambridge) 1999
- Majumdar, R. C. (ed.), The History and Culture of the Indian People, Volume VI, The Delhi Sultanate, (Bombay) 1960; Volume VII, The Mughal Empire, (Bombay) 1973.
- Nizami, Khaliq Ahmad Some Aspects of Religion and Politics in India in the Thirteenth Century (Delhi) 1961 (Revised Edition Delhi 2002)
Images for kids
Muhammad bin Tughlaq moved his capital to the Deccan Plateau, and build a new capital called Daulatabad (shown). He later reversed his decision because Daulatabad lacked the fresh water supply that Delhi had.
The Qutb Minar (left, begun c. 1200) next to the Alai Darwaza gatehouse (1311); Qutb Complex in Delhi
The Somnath Temple in Gujarat was repeatedly destroyed by Muslim armies and rebuilt by Hindus. It was destroyed by Delhi Sultanate's army in 1299 CE.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple was destroyed by the army of Qutb-ud-din Aibak.
Artistic rendition of the Kirtistambh at Rudra Mahalaya Temple. The temple was destroyed by Alauddin Khalji.
Screen of the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra mosque, Ajmer, c. 1229; Corbel arches, some cusped.
Mausoleum of Iltutmish, Delhi, by 1236, with corbel arches
Delhi Sultanate Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.