Delhi Sultanate facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) or Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) were the Persian-speaking dynasties of Turkic and Afghan origin, which were controlling India from 1210 to 1526. Many of these dynasties ruled from Delhi. This includes the Slave dynasty (1206-90), the Khilji dynasty (1290-1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320-1413), the Sayyid dynasty (1414-51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451-1526). Later on, after India fell to the Mughals, there was again a brief period when Humayun, son of the Mughal Babur and father of Akbar the Great, was deposed by the Pathan Suri dynasty who enjoyed a short rule then, before Humayun was reinstated in 1555.

Sultans of Delhi

Mamluk, or Slave dynasty (1206 - 1290)

  • Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1206 - 1210)
  • Aram Shah (1210 - 1211)
  • Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1211 - 1236)
  • Rukn ud din Firuz (1236)
  • Raziyyat ud din Sultana (1236 - 1240)
  • Muiz ud din Bahram (1240 - 1242)
  • Ala ud din Masud (1242 - 1246)
  • Nasir ud din Mahmud (1246 - 1266)
  • Ghiyas ud din Balban (1266 - 1286)
  • Muiz ud din Qaiqabad (1286 - 1290)
  • Shamsuddin Kayumars (1290)

Khilji (Khalji) dynasty (1290 - 1320)

  • Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji (1290 - 1294)
  • Ala ud din Khilji (1294 - 1316)
  • Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah (1316 - 1321)

Tughlaq dynasty (1321 - 1398)

  • Ghiyas ud din Tughluq Shah I (1321 - 1325)
  • Muhammad Shah II (1325 - 1351)
  • Mahmud Ibn Muhammad ( March 1351)
  • Firuz Shah Tughluq (1351 - 1388)
  • Ghiyas ud din Tughluq II (1388 - 1389)
  • Abu Baker (1389 - 1390)
  • Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III (1390 - 1393)
  • Sikander Shah I ( March - April 1393)
  • Mahmud Nasir ud din (Sultan Mahmud II) at Delhi (1393 - 1394)
  • Nusrat Shah at Firuzabad (1394 - 1398)

Sayyid (Syed) Dynasty (1414 - 1451)

  • Khidr Khan (1414 - 1421)
  • Mubarrak Shah II (1421 - 1435)
  • Muhammad Shah IV (1435 - 1445)
  • Aladdin Alam Shah (1445 - 1451)

Lodi (Lodhi) dynasty (1451 - 1526)

1526-1540: Mughal rule after the First Battle of Panipat

Suri, or Sur dynasty (1540 - 1555)

  • Sher Shah Suri (Farid Khan Suri) (1540 - 1545)
  • Islam Shah (1545 - 1553)
  • Muhammad V (1553 - 1554)
  • Firuz Shah ( 29 April - 2 May 1554)
  • Ibrahim III (1554 - 1554/5)
  • Sikander Shah (1554/5 - 1555)

1555: Return to Mughal Rule after brief interregnum

Related pages

  • The History of South Asia series) has more information at Islamic Empires in India#Delhi Sultanate
  • List of Indian monarchs

Literature

  • Elliot and Dowson: The History of India as told by its own Historians, (New Delhi) reprint, 1990.
  • Peter Jackson The Delhi Sultanate. A Political and Military History (Cambridge) 1999
  • Majumdar, R. C. (ed.), The History and Culture of the Indian People, Volume VI, The Delhi Sultanate, (Bombay) 1960; Volume VII, The Mughal Empire, (Bombay) 1973.
  • Nizami, Khaliq Ahmad Some Aspects of Religion and Politics in India in the Thirteenth Century (Delhi) 1961 (Revised Edition Delhi 2002)

Images for kids


Delhi Sultanate Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.